An Efficient and Minimum Cost Topology Construction for Rural Wireless MeshNetworksProf. V. Anuratha & Dr. P. Sivaprakasam
AbstractMany research efforts as well asdeployments have chosen IEEE802.11 as alow-cost, long-distance access technology to bridge the digital divide. IEEE 802.11 Wi-Fiequipment based wireless mesh networkshave recently been proposed as aninexpensive approach to connect far-flungrural areas. To establish such network high-gain directional antennas are used to achievelong-distance wireless point-to-point links.Some nodes in the network are calledgateway nodes and are directly connected tothe wired internet, and the remaining nodesconnect to the gateway(s) using one or morehops.In this paper the cost of constructing theantenna towers required is investigated. The problem is NP hard is shown and that a better than
approximation cannot be expected, where n is the number of vertices in the graph. To minimize theconstruction cost a new algorithm is proposed called constant time approximationalgorithm.The results of proposed approximationalgorithm are compared with both theoptimal solution, and a naive heuristic.INTRODUCTIONThere has been a huge proliferation of Internet and other communication basedservices in the last two decades. However,this spread is confined to developedcountries, and metropolitan pockets of developing countries. This is reallyunfortunate for developing countries likeIndia, where around 74% of the populationis rural and are on the wrong side of thedigital divide.Bridging this divide necessitates, providinginternet connectivity to each and everyvillage. Providing the same by expandingthe current telephone network to rural areasis infeasible because of the huge initialinfrastructure costs. Also, deployment of cellular wireless would not be sustainable because of its business model, whichdemands more high-paying consumer density.Emerging technologies like 802.16WMAN,, have not yet reached thescale of competitive mass production, hencethe equipments are expensive. In this regard,the 802.11 Wi-Fi has shown tremendousgrowth and acceptance as a last hop accesssolution, because of their low price.Although 802.11 was primarily designed for indoor operation, but  has established the possibility of using 802.11 in long-distancenetworking.The diverse requirements are in provisionsof 1) Communication pattern which dealswith the mode of communication one-to-one, one to- many, many-to-one, and many-to-many, 2) Delay (real-time, non-real-time,and delay-tolerant), 3) Service availability(centralized, distributed, and location-aware)that deals with the awareness of theavailability of different services, such asInternet access, real-time communications,content distribution, interactive gaming,medical applications, and vehicular safetyapplications. 4) Security and 5) Reliability.An essential requirement to establish long-distance links is that line-of-sight ismaintained between the radio antennas at theend-points.
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 6, September 2010202http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500