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Dos Notes

Dos Notes

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Published by Saurabh
It is notes of Saurabh.
It is notes of Saurabh.

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Published by: Saurabh on Oct 10, 2010
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MS –DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating System)
Operating System: -
Operating System is also called system software. Anoperating system (OS) is the main control program of the computer that managesall other program in a computer. The other programs commonly referred to as‘Application Program’, use the service provided by OS through a well-definedApplication Program Interface (API). Every computer necessarily requires sometype of operating system that tells the computer how to operate and utilize otherprograms installed on the computer. The role of an operating system in a computeris similar to the role of a principal in a college who is responsible for the overallmanagement of the college.Ex- DOS, Windows 95/98, Windows NT, UNIX, Linux etc.
MS-DOS is an operation system which full depend on the command.It is the first operating system. It also called command based operating system. InDOS we directly work on the Hard Disk.MS-DOS is a single user, single tasking operating system. DOS has a command-line,text based/non-graphical user-interface commonly referred to as Character BasedUser Interface (CUI).The DOS prompt known as the command prompt looks like C:\> or D:\> or E:\>where ‘C’,’D’,’E’ represent the hard disk drives of the computer system. All thecommands are typed at the DOS prompt. Enter key is pressed to view the output of the typed command. If the command is correctly typed desired output would bedisplayed. Otherwise an error message (bad command or filename/Invalidparameter) is displayed on the screen.Note:-All DOS commands are case-insensitive.Command:-
 A set of instruction which perform a task is called command.
There are two type of command.1-Internal Command2-External Command1-Internal Command: -
 Internal commands are memory residence commands, thesecommands automatically loaded on the memory when computer is start. Thesecommands packed with command.com file.
Ex- md, cd, cd.., copy con etc.
2-External Command:-
 External commands are those command not memoryresidence command. When computer is start these command are not loaded in thememory. When we use the external command, firstly call them with a specify path(address).
Ex- Format, chkdsk, tree, deltree, fdisk, etc.
Booting: -
When we starting the computer take few seconds to ready for work. Thetime between start and perform the work is called booting time. In booting time thehard disk of computer loaded some system file into RAM. There are two types of booting.1-Warm booting (Ctl+Alt+Del):- Restarting PC without switching off the power iscalled warm booting.
2-Cold booting: -
 Sometimes, warm booting does not work. It that case, you have to Switch-off, and then it on to boot again. This is called cold booting.
How to start MS-DOS:-
Start > All program > Accessories > command promptOR Start > Run > cmdOStart > Run > commandFolder or Directory: - Which contains files and directory called directory. We cannot type any message in directory, but we can store them.Files: - Which can contains the written messages called file.Drive:-Logical partition of secondary storage device (Hard disk) called drive.

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