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Table Of Contents

Introduction
Who should use this Handbook?
Whattypes ofpools are covered in this Handbook?
Aims and objectives
Managementstructure
Staffand responsibilities
Operating the pool environment
The pool operator
Relevantacts,regulations and codes ofpractice
Safe workpractices
Acts,regulations,codes ofpractice and guidelines
Health (Infectious Diseases) Regulations 2001
Figure 1Location ofsafety showers and eye wash facilities
Occupational Health and Safety Act2004
Dangerous Goods Act1985
Dangerous Goods (Storage and Handling) Regulations 2000
Figure 2Hazchem signage for packaged dangerous goods
Figure 3 Hazchem signage forbulk dangerous goods
SafetyMAP(previously “chemical notifiers”)
Table 1Interpreting Hazchem codes
Table 2Classes ofcommon dangerous goods keptatpools
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Codes ofpractice
Guidelines forSafe Pool Operation (GSPO)
Guidelines forSafe Pool Operation
Table 3 Main components ofthe MSDS
Australian Standards
Figure 4Backwash tank
Table 4Australian Standards
Infrastructure
Overview
Design brief
Swimming pool design
Specialisthelp
Choosing watertreatment specialists
Types ofpools
Figure 5Instantaneous hot watersystem
Watertreatment
Suitable disinfectants
Choosing a disinfectant
Chloramine removal
Cyanuric acid
Oxidation-Reduction Potential (ORP)
Controlling algae
Unsuitable disinfectants
Ozone
Ozone and ultravioletradiation
Figure 12Ozone off-gas destructor
Ultravioletradiation (UV)
•total alkalinity
•calcium hardness
•total dissolved solids (TDS)
pH
Total alkalinity
Calcium hardness
Temperature
Total Dissolved Solids (TDS)
Adjusting waterbalance parameters
Waterbalance
Figure 13 Carbon dioxide tank
Figure 14Hazards ofpoorlabelling
Calculating waterbalance
Table 7SI Index ofFactors
Figure 15Metering pump
Figure 16Carbon dioxide controller
Points ofdosing
Control systems
Dosing and control systems
Figure 18 Pool control panel and chemical measuring station
Safety issues
Sensors
pH sensors
Monitoring systems
Figure 20 Photometer
Figure 22Dry reagents
Testmethods
Chemical testing
Dilution ofsamples
Chemical limits
Keeping records
Table 8 Legislative limits forswimming and spa pools
Chemical limits worksheet
Sample log sheets
Sample pool operatorlog sheet
Microbiological monitoring
Microbiological testing
Assessing microbiological quality
Sampling procedure
Documentation
Physical managementofwater
Watercirculation
Figure 27Skimmerbox and linttrap
Inlets and outlets
Circulation design
Figure 28 Three circulation options fora 25m pool
Filtration principles
Figure 29Medium rate pressure filterforlargerpool
Types offilters
Figure 31High-rate sand filterfor spaorsmall pool
Filtration
Specifications
The sand bed
Limits offiltration
Coagulation and flocculation
Figure 35Dosing tanks with mixers foradding coagulant
Backwashing
Figure 36Pressure differential gauges
Figure 37Multiportvalve on a large, open gravity filter
Maintenance
Pool waterheating
Figure 38 Closed loop heat exchanger
Figure 39Gas fired directpool waterheater
Figure 40 Heavy duty gas or electricboilers
Heating and aircirculation
Pool hall ventilation and aircirculation
Separate areas
Sources ofventilation
Energy management
Figure 41Pool covers
Winterisation
Unattended pools
Useful resources
Problem sorter
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
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Pool Operators Handbook

Pool Operators Handbook

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Published by lhotap

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Published by: lhotap on Oct 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/13/2013

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