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Published by: kramX on Oct 11, 2010
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What
coping 
tells about personality.Authors:GEISLER, FAY C. M.
1
fay.geisler@uni-greifswald.de
1
1
Source:European Journal of Personality; Jun2009, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p289-306, 18p,
5
ChartsDocument Type:ArticleSubject Terms:*PERSONALITY & cognition*PERSONALITY & situation*STRESS (Psychology)*ADJUSTMENT (Psychology)*RESEARCH*PERSONALITYAuthor-Supplied Keywords:coping personality personality judgmentsAbstract:In this study, 123 participants (non-psychology students) who responded to an interpersonalstress situation staged in
the
laboratory were judged by unacquainted observers in terms of 
the
 
 Big 
 
 Five
dimensions, intelligence and social attractiveness.
Coping 
behaviour appeared to predict personality impressions in a way that mirrors
the
relations between personality and
coping 
observed in previous research: Overall, higher levels of Extraversion (E),Agreeableness (A), Conscientiousness (C) and Openness to experience (O) (as well asintelligence and social attractiveness) were predicted by problem-focussed behaviour andcognitive restructuring, whereas higher levels of Neuroticism (N) were predicted bywithdrawal/passivity.
The
interpersonal impact of 
the
particular 
coping 
reactions, as indicated by a positive personality impression, were largely inconsistent with their impact on affectfollowing
the
stress induction. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [ABSTRACTFROM AUTHOR]
Relations between
the
 
 Big 
 
Five
personality traits and dispositional
coping 
in KoreanAmericans: Acculturation as a moderating factor.
Images
1
scroesch@sciences.sdsu.edu
2
1
Source:International Journal of Psychology; Apr2006, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p85-96, 12p, 3 ChartsDocument Type:ArticleSubject Terms:*PERSONALITY
 
The
current study examined
the
individual and joint effects of 
the
 
 Big 
 
 Five
personality traitsand acculturation on
coping 
styles. Using
the
proposed framework of McCrae (2001),
the
relations among these variables were evaluated at
the
intracultural level to exploit previouslyunexplored within-culture variability for an unstudied Asian American group (KoreanAmericans). This approach emphasizes
the
unique expression of specific personality traits in asingle culture. A community sample of Korean Americans completed measures of 
the
 
 Five
-Factor Model of Personality (NEO-PI-R; Costa & McCrae, 1992),
coping 
(Brief COPE;Carver, 1997), and acculturation (SL-ASIA; Suinn, Ahuna, & Khoo, 1992).
The
results primarily showed statistically significant relations between
the
 
 Big 
 
 Five
personality traits and
coping 
. Neuroticism was positively related to indices of emotion-focused
coping 
(emotionalsupport) and avoidance (substance abuse, behavioural disengagement, venting, self-blame);Extraversion, Conscientiousness, and Openness were positively related to indices of problem-focused (active
coping 
, planning) and emotion-focused
coping 
(positive reframing, humour,acceptance); and Agreeableness was positively associated with active
coping 
and humour.Acculturation was only significantly (and positively) associated with venting. SignificantAcculturation×Big
 Five
personality traits interactions were found, however. For individualshigh in acculturation, both Neuroticism and Openness were positively related to indices of avoidance
coping 
. Moreover, for individuals low in acculturation, a negative relationship wasfound between Conscientiousness and venting. These results show that there is considerablewithin-culture variation for 
the
dimensions of 
the
 
 Five
-Factor Model of Personality,
coping 
styles, and acculturation in this largely bicultural sample. Moreover,
the
amount of variationand its directionality among
the
target study variables is similar to that typically found inCaucasian American samples. Finally,
the
stronger relations found between
the
dimensions of  personality and
coping 
styles (relative to
the
relations found between acculturation and
coping 
styles) suggests that personality traits rather than acculturation may be more importantclinically when profiling patients and developing treatment plans.
The
Interactional Context of Problem-, Emotion-, and Relationship-Focused
Coping 
:
The
Role of 
the
 
 Big 
 
Five
Personality Factors.
1
1
ADELONGIS@CORTEX.PSYCH.UBC.CA
Source:Journal of Personality; Dec96, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p775-813, 39p, 6 ChartsDocument Type:ArticleSubject Terms:*PERSONALITY & situation*ADJUSTMENT (Psychology)*EMOTIONS*INTERPERSONAL relations*EXTRAVERSIONAbstract:This study examined
the
role that personality and situational factors play in three forms of 
coping 
responses: problem-, emotion- and relationship-focused.
Coping 
responses werestrongly associated with whether 
the
situation involved a primarily agentic (work) or 
 
communal (interpersonal) stressor. Among communal stressors,
the
involvement of closeversus distant others was also associated with
coping 
responses. Situational factors werelinked most strongly with
the
use of problem-focused (planful problem solving) andrelationship-focused (empathic responding) modes of 
coping 
. Dimensions of personalityderived from
the
 
 five
-factor model (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to Experience,Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness) had important associations with
coping 
responses.
Coping 
responses were best predicted by models that included both
the
additive andmultiplicative effects of person and situation factors. Taken together,
the
findings suggest thata model of 
coping 
that considers both agentic and communal dimensions of stressfulsituations, includes interpersonal dimensions of 
coping 
, and considers personality andsituation factors in tandem is needed to increase
the
predictive utility of current models.[ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Coping 
Efforts in Daily Life: Role of 
 Big 
 
Five
Traits and Problem Appraisals.Authors:
1
1
Source:Journal of Personality; Apr99, Vol. 67 Issue 2, p265-294, 30p, 4 ChartsDocument Type:ArticleSubject Terms:*ADJUSTMENT (Psychology)*EVERYDAY life*STRESS (Psychology)*CATHARSIS*SOCIAL networks NAICS/Industry Codes:624190Other Individual and Family ServicesAbstract:
The
role of problem appraisal and
 Big 
 
 Five
traits in
coping 
with bothersome daily events wasinvestigated. Community-residing men completed diaries regarding stressful events and
coping 
for eight consecutive days. Results of multi-level analyses indicated that lower  perceived control over events was associated with greater reliance on distraction, catharsis,acceptance, seeking emotional social support, but less use of direct action. Stressor severitywas positively associated with catharsis and religion, but negatively associated withacceptance. Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness to experience, and Conscientiousness predicted
coping 
strategy use. In addition, broad personality dimensions moderated relations between appraisals (perceived uncontrollability and severity) and
coping 
strategy use.Although previous research implicated perceived control in
coping 
,
the
present study suggeststhat both appraisals of stressor severity and individual differences in personality are alsoimportant determinants of 
coping 
strategy use at
the
daily level. [ABSTRACT FROMAUTHOR]
Coping 
in Context:
The
Role of Stress, Social Support, and Personality in
Coping 
.
Images
1
adelongis@psych.ubc.ca

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