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Table Of Contents

Colour TV Camera
Mixing Colours
The Colour Pallet
Forming Television Picture Colour Test Pattern
PAL D1 test Pattern
Widescreen
Digital Image Standards Compared
Digital Sampling
Compression
Television Broadcasting Industry
Architecture of Cable TV Distribution
Cable Distribution System
Expanded Television Services
Telephony Services
Cable Modems
Information Services
Interactive Gaming
Chapter Summary
Chapter 2
Broadcast Distribution Systems
Components of a Cable TV System
Traditional Cable TV Head End Components
Enhanced Cable TV Network Services
Enhanced Head End
Multiple Cable Operators
Interconnected Head Ends
SDH Connected Head Ends
Head End Signal Reception
Encoding and Trans-coding
Video Router
Control Systems
Traditional Coaxial Cable Distribution Components
Designing a Distribution System
Signal Transmission
Migration to Digital Fiber Systems
Fiber Optic Transmission
Fiber Types
Fiber Connectors
Fiber Cables
Cable Construction
Simple Passive FiberNetwork
Active FiberDistribution
Passive Network With Advanced Splitters
Technology: Active Ethernet and PON
Actual Fiber Performance
ITU-T Standard Spacing for DWDM Channels
SONET/SDH
SDH Rings
Automatic Protection Switching
Self Healing Rings
Over-The Air Broadcasting
Digital Terrestrial in UK
DVB-T Services –Mux1 and 2
DVB-T Services –MuxA and B
DVB-T Services –MuxC and D
Multiplexing Technology
DVB-T Testing in Ireland
Wireless Standards
Multipoint Distribution Services
Example MMDS System
Typical Wireless Loop Installation
Existing Technologies
IPTV Bandwidth Requirements
Centralized Architectures?
Distributed Architectures?
Network Dimensioning Is Critical
Switching Capacity
Winamp
Video LAN Client
Microsoft Media Player
Compression Methods
JPEG Compression: Basics
GIF 89a examples vs. JPEG
JPEG Compression Rates
Wavelet Image Compression
Wavelet Transforms
Wavelet vs. JPEG compression
Wavelet compression advantages
MPEG Compression Protocols
MPEG
Part 1 of MPEG2
Part 3 of MPEG2 : Audio
MPEG Audio basics & Psychoacoustic Model
MPEG-Layer3 Overview
MPEG Layer-3 performance
MPEG-2 Advanced Audio Coding (AAC)
MPEG-2 AAC Flowchart
Part 6 of MPEG2
Part 9 of MPEG2
MPEG Transport over IP
MPEG Video Compression
Picture Types
MPEG 1 & 2 Bitstream
MPEG-2 Encoding
MPEG-2 Motion Compensation
MPEG-2: Profiles and Levels
Pro MPEG For Error Tolerance
COP 4 for SMPTE 292M
Versions of MPEG4
MPEG4
VLBV: Very Low Bit-rate Video
Example of Sprite Coding of Video Sequence
MPEG-4 Sound
Audio Resilience
Carriage of MPEG-4 over IP
H.264 and MPEG-4 Part 10
The JVT Project
Relationship to Other Standards
JVT Project Technical Objectives
Need for H.264: MPEG-2 Has Hit A Wall
MPEG-4 in Comparison
H.26L Provides Focus
MPEG-4 “Adopts”H.26L
Applications for AVC/H.264
The Scopeof Picture and Video Coding Standardization
AVC Encoder
AVC/H.264 Profiles
AVC/H.264 –Levels
Transport of AVC / H.264
DVB Project
DVB Standards
DVB-C Standard Over Cable
DVB-H
DVB-T
DVB-IPI
DVB-IPI Architecture TR 102 033
DVB-IPI Home Reference Model
Course Contents (Continued)
Chapter 3
Internet Protocol Suite Delivery of Multimedia Services
Can We Put Voice on Our Data Networks?
Sources of Network Standards
International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
Internet Protocol Suite Structure
Network Interconnection
Data Link and Physical Layer in the LAN
xDSL
Internet Protocol (IP)
Internet Protocol Suite
Encapsulation
IPv4 Datagram
IPv4 Datagram (continued)
Functions of Internet Protocols
Physical Medium Independence
Logical Addressing
Independence of MTU size
Fragmentation and Reassembly
InternetworkDatagram Service
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
TCP Segment Header
User Datagram Protocol (UDP)
UDP Header
Applications Use Ports
Datagram Delivery
Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP)
Real-Time Applications on Packet Networks
RTP
Payload Types
Payload Types Defined in RFC 1890
Real-Time Transport Control Protocol (RTCP)
RTCP
Transparent Spanning Tree (TST)
Multiple Simultaneous Paths
802.1D Concepts
Functions Within a Bridge
The Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol
RST Parameter Values
Port Path Cost values
Rapid Spanning Tree
Effective Topology
Typical Ring Backbone Topology
IEEE 802.3 Link Aggregation
Link Aggregation
Link and Aggregator System Identifiers
Aggregator Grouping
Chapter 5
Layer 3 Addressing
Routable Address Structure
Net Prefix Notation
Networks and Subnetworks
Addressing for IP
Interconnecting to the Internet
Addresses Classes (Historic)
Addressing
Mapping IP Addresses to Link Addresses
Address Resolution Protocol
ARP Cache
Configuring IP Addresses
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
Can find details with IPCONFIG
Dividing Networks -Subnetworks
SubnettingClassfulAddresses
Division of Network
How Many Subnets Are Needed?
Point to Point Links
Balancing Subnet and Host Needs
Chapter 6
Distance Vector Routing
Link State Routing
Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)
OSPF Routing Updates
What OSPF Can Deliver
Routing
Routing Levels
European Internet Exchanges
European Exchanges
Peering Between Exchanges
Amsterdam Exchange Daily Statistics May 2006
LINX Performance: May 2006
LINX Yearly 1 Day Average To May 2006
LINX Growth Over 5 years
Number of Computers on the Internet
Growth in the Internet
Routing Between ISPs
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)
Routing Survival Kit
Trace Route
Routing Table
Pathping
Chapter 7
Multicasting and Stream Delivery
Unicast vsMulticast
Multicast Advantages
Multicast Disadvantages
IP Multicast Service Model
Multicast Addresses
Reserved Link Local Addresses
Globally Scoped Addresses
Source Specific Multicast (SSM)
GLOP Addresses
Limited Scope Addresses
Multicasting At Layer 2
Requests for Multicasts Streams
Multicast Concepts
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)
IGMP Version 3 RFC 3376
IGMPv3 Modes
IGMP State Maintained by Multicast Routers
Router Filter-Mode
IGMP States
Events Causing State Transitions
IGMP Actions
Queries and reports
IGMP State Trsnsitions
Manipulating IGMP
Limiting the Joining of Groups
IGMP Versions 1 and 2
Capture of IGMP –Client Starts First
Server and Router Start First
Setting Time Reference
Timing Between Events
IGMP Snooping
Characteristics of Distribution Trees
Building Distribution Trees
RPF Check Failure
RPF Check Succeeds
TTL Thresholds
TTL Thresholds Example
TTL Threshold Boundaries
Types of Multicast Protocols
Dense Mode
Sparse Mode
Multicast Protocols
Dense-Mode Protocols
PIM-SM (RFC 2362)
PIM-SM Shared Tree Joins
PIM-SM Frequently Forgotten Fact
PIM-SM —Evaluation
Conclusion
PIM Version 2 Configuration
Stages in Configuring PIM
BSRsand RPs
Assign the RP Mapping Agent
Prevent Join Messages to False RPs
Monitoring IGMP Groups
RPF Failure
Look at what is going on in R75a
Look at what is going on in R72a
Examining the PIM Neighbors
Confirm The Problem With Debug and Solve
Time To Live
Look at RouterAMROUTE
Check the RPF
Check the Interfaces and the Traffic
IGMP Group
Show IP Traffic
TTL Threashold
The router is Forwarding Packets
Turn On Debug For The Service
Examine the Interface Configuration
Chapter 8
Managing Devices with SNMP
Modern Networks
OSI Model
Evolution of SNMP
SNMP Structure
SNMP within Internet Protocol Suite
Why over UDP?
Management Framework
SNMP MIBs use a managed Namespace
Private Extensions
Branches Under Internet (1.3.6.1) in RFC 1213
Later Extensions
Management Information Base
MIB-2 Variable Groups
MIB-1 and MIB-2 Groups
Structure of Management Information (SMI)
Abstract Syntax Notation number 1 (ASN.1)
Example Variables
SNMP Protocol Structure
SNMP the Protocol
SNMP Messages
SNMP Actions
SNMP Mechanism
Security
SNMPv2 and SNMPv3 Security
Error Reporting
SNMPv1 Functions
Get
Get-response
GetNext-request
Set
SNMPv1 Trap
SNMPv2 and v3 Additional Functions
GetBulk-request
InformRequest
Single and Multi-valued Objects
Scalar Example
Multi-valued Index Example
Access to This Table
Chapter 9
Next Generation Network Technology
21CN High Level Architecture
Very Large Next Generation Carrier Networks
2015 Percentage of Households Access Speed
xDSLComparison
ADSL2+ subscriber range
VDSL2
VLAN Configuration
VLAN Trunking Tag
Additional Features on Switches:802.1P
Enabling Technologies
Delivering QoS in the Core Network
Multi-Protocol Label Switching
Normal Routing by IP Forwarding Hop-By-Hop
MPLS Label Distribution
Label Switched Path (LSP)
MPLS Encapsulation -PPP & LAN Data Links
MPLS Tunneling
Pseudo Wires
Quality Delivery Options
High-Bandwidth Provisioning
Sporadicity of Aggregated Streams
Controlling QoS With RSVP
Intserv QoS Control
RSVP and Intserv
Use of RSVP Path and Reservation Messages
Problems With RSVP
RSVP: Limitations
Voice and Audio
Video
Conferences
How Is a Normal Phone Call Connected?
Encoding the Content of Calls
Session Initialization Protocol (SIP)
SIP Addressing
Simple SIP Call Setup
SIP Entities
SIP Proxy
Megaco Protocol (RFC 3015)
Purpose of Megaco
H.248 Packages
New H.248 Division
Typical IPTV Architecture
IPTV Applications and there Needs
Program Distribution
Resilience
Satellite Access
Core Network
Video On Demand
Internet Access Services
Triple Play Network
Chapter 10
Next Generation and Future Technology
Multimedia Home Platform Context
Multimedia Home Platform
Basic MHP Architecture
Plug-ins
Block Diagram of ETSI Standard Interface Box
Broadcast Channel Protocol Stack
Interaction Channel Protocols Stack
Next Generation Set Top Box
Next Generation Set-Top Box
Software in Set-Top Box
Internet Television Portals
Web TV From North America
High Definition Television (HDTV)
TV Down the Phone Line
Internet Video Magazines and Webcasts
Triple Play Networks
Convergence Protocol Stacks
Conditional Access Systems
Digital Encryption Standard: Simulcrypt
Conditional Access Identifications
Copy Protection Schemes
Content Protection Technologies
Types of Piracy
Information Security Objectives
Encryption: Types of Cipher
Symmetric Encryption
Asymmetric Encryption
Comparison of Encryption Characteristics
Digital Signatures
Public Key Infrastructure
Public Key Certificates
Data Hiding: Watermarkeing
Watermarking Scheme
Classification of Watermarking
Watermark Scaling Factor
Discrete Wavelength Transform Watermarking
Example of Watermarking
Attacks
Pure SVD Extractions
Chapter 11
Modem and DSL Access Speeds
Home IPTV Profile
Channel Surfing
Commercial Success
User Created Media: Shoutcast.com
Yospace.com
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IPTV Course - Broadcasting, Protocols and Switching

IPTV Course - Broadcasting, Protocols and Switching

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Published by: Alex Cameron on Jul 12, 2008
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