energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain anincreased body mass.
The primary treatment for obesity isdietingand physical exercise. To supplement this, or in case
of failure,anti-obesity drugsmay be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption. In severecases,surgeryis performed or an intragastric balloon is placed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.
Obesity is a leading preventable cause of deathworldwide, with increasing prevalencein adults
andchildren, and authorities view it as one of the most serious public healthproblems of the
Obesity isstigmatizedin much of the modern world (particularly in theWestern
world), though it was widely perceived as a symbol of wealth and fertility at other times inhistory, and still is in some parts of the world.
Main article:Classification of obesity
Obesity is amedical conditionin which excess body fathas accumulated to the extent that it may
have an adverse effect on health.
It is defined by body mass index (BMI)and further evaluatedin terms of fat distribution via thewaist±hip ratioand total cardiovascular risk factors.
BMIis closely related to both percentage body fatand total body fat.
A "super obese" male with a BMI of 47 kg/m
: weight 146 kg (322 lb), height 177 cm (5 ft 10 in)
In children, a healthy weight varies with age and sex. Obesity in children and adolescents isdefined not as an absolute number, but in relation to a historical normal group, such that obesityis a BMI greater than the 95th percentile.
The reference data on which these percentiles are based are from 1963 to 1994, and thus have not been affected by the recent increases inweight.