a.1887, when King Kalakaua amended the constitution. b.1893, when Queen Liliuokalani was overthrown.c.1893, when Sanford Dole was head of the new government.d.1898, during the Spanish-American War. ____14.Why did United States Navy Commodore George Dewey lead an attack on ships in the ManilaBay during the Spanish-American War?a.Manila Bay was ruled by Spain, and the ships belonged to the Spanish. b.The United States used the war with Spain as an excuse to take over other territories.c.Dewey wanted to attack Spain and gain control over Cuba.d.The Philippines joined the war in support of Spain. ____15.The “Rough Riders” werea.Cuban revolutionaries who battled the Spanish for independence. b.a volunteer cavalry unit in the Spanish-American War.c.newspaper owners who influenced public opinion by exaggerating the truth.d.Spanish generals in Cuba who mistreated the civilian population. ____16.When did the United States grant independence to the Philippines?a.1898, as part of the Treaty of Paris b.1916, with the Jones Actc.1941, when the Spanish occupied the islands during World War IId.1946, when the islands were liberated from Japanese occupation during World War II ____17.Unlike Britain, France, and Russia, The United Statesa.controlled large areas of China. b.wanted to keep trade in China open.c.had no interest in trade with China.d.broke China into distinct spheres of influence. ____18.The Platt Amendmenta.expanded the rights of Cubans. b.allowed Cuba to sign treaties with other countries without U.S. approval.c.gave the United States the right to preserve order as needed in Cuba.d.established a civil government in Cuba. ____19.President Roosevelt sent troops to support Panamanian rebels in the fight against Colombia sothata.the Colombians would grant the United States the right to build a canal. b.Panamanians could be free from Colombian imperialism.c.the United States could get the rights to build a canal in Panama at a lower price.d.the Panamanians could build a canal from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. ____20.In the beginning of the twentieth century, the United States had becomea.politically unstable. b.accustomed to military involvement overseas.