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Table Of Contents

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1 Introduction
1.1 Description of variable-speed generator systems
1.1.2 Generators and rectifiers
1.2 Wind turbine characteristics
1.3 Variable-speed wind turbines
1.4 A design example system
2 The synchronous generator system
2.1 The control system
2.2 The generator
2.2.1 Speed rating
2.2.2 Current rating
2.2.3 Voltage rating
2.2.4 Other aspects of the rating
2.2.5 Generator rating
2.2.7 Design example
2.3 Rectifier
2.3.1 Diode commutation
2.3.2 Equivalent circuit
2.3.3 Design example
2.4 Dc filter
2.4.1 Filter types
2.4.3 Smoothing reactor of the diode rectifier
2.4.4 Smoothing reactor of the inverter
2.4.5 Dc capacitance
2.4.6 Resonance damping
2.5.1 Inverter pulse number
2.5.3 Design example
3 Model of generator and converter losses
3.1 Model of machine losses
3.1.1 Friction and windage loss torque
3.1.2 Core losses
3.1.3 Winding losses
3.1.4 Exciter losses
3.1.5 Additional losses
3.1.6 Complete generator loss model
3.1.7 Calculating the generator flux
3.1.8 Estimating the field current
3.1.9 Parameters for the generator loss model
3.1.11 Error in the windage and friction losses
3.4 Verification of the generator loss model
3.4.1 The laboratory system
3.4.3 Verification of the exciter losses
3.4.4 Model error at resistive load
3.4.5 Model error at diode load
3.4.6 Error in the torque control
3.5 Model for the 300 kW design example
3.5.1 Generator parameters
3.5.2 Converter parameters
3.5.3 Gear parameters
4 The use of the loss model in control and design
4.1 Optimum generator voltage control
4.2 Efficiency as a function of generator size
4.3 Optimum generator speed
5 Comparison of constant and variable speed
5.1 The per unit turbine model
5.2.1 Assumptions for the power functions
5.2.2 Power functions
5.2.3 Turbine power
5.2.4 Gear losses
5.2.5 Generator and converter losses
5.2.6 Losses at different voltage controls
5.2.7 Produced electric power
5.3 Energy and average efficiency
5.3.1 Assumptions for the energy calculations
5.3.2 Wind energy captured by the turbine
5.3.4 Electric energy and average electric efficiency
5.3.5 Total efficiency including the gear
5.3.6 Produced energy
5.4 Summary of average efficiency comparison
6. Conclusions
7. References
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Published by sveeraghanta

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Published by: sveeraghanta on Oct 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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