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111761main_UAV_Capabilities_Assessment

111761main_UAV_Capabilities_Assessment

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Published by: UAVs Australia on Oct 12, 2010
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Civil UAVCapability Assessment
Draft Version 
Prepared For: Lawrence CamachoUAV Vehicle Sector Manager, Vehicle Systems ProgramNASA Aeronautics Research Mission DirectorateCheryl YuhasSuborbital Science Program Manager NASA Science Mission DirectoratePrepared By: Timothy H. CoxNASAChristopher J. NagyNASAMark A. SkoogNASAIvan A. SomersCSM, Inc.
December 2004
 
Civil UAV Capability Assessment December 2004
Draft Version 
i
Table of Contents
1
 
Introduction....................................................................................................3
 
1.1
 
Purpose..................................................................................................3
 
1.2
 
Scope.....................................................................................................4
 
1.3
 
Approach................................................................................................5
 
1.4
 
Acronyms and Definitions.......................................................................7
 
2
 
UAV Programs...............................................................................................8
 
2.1
 
Historical.................................................................................................8
 
2.2
 
Civil UAVs...............................................................................................9
 
2.2.1
 
Operational Civil UAVs....................................................................9
 
2.2.2
 
UAV Technology Development Programs.....................................12
 
2.3
 
Military UAVs........................................................................................13
 
2.3.1
 
Classes of Military UAVs...............................................................14
 
2.3.2
 
UAV Technology Development Programs.....................................16
 
2.4
 
UAV Proliferation..................................................................................17
 
2.4.1
 
Market Forecast............................................................................18
 
2.4.2
 
UAV Development in the U.S........................................................19
 
2.4.3
 
European and Worldwide UAVs....................................................19
 
2.4.4
 
Role of US export controls.............................................................21
 
3
 
UAV Mission Requirements.........................................................................22
 
3.1
 
Mission Summaries..............................................................................22
 
3.1.1
 
Commercial...................................................................................22
 
3.1.2
 
Earth Science................................................................................22
 
3.1.3
 
Homeland Security........................................................................28
 
3.1.4
 
Land Management.........................................................................28
 
3.2
 
Existing Mission Capabilities................................................................29
 
3.3
 
Requisite Capabilities and Technologies..............................................29
 
4
 
UAV Status Assessment..............................................................................33
 
4.1
 
UAV Economics....................................................................................33
 
4.1.1
 
Non-Recurring Costs.....................................................................33
 
4.1.2
 
Recurring Costs.............................................................................34
 
4.1.3
 
Reducing Costs.............................................................................35
 
4.2
 
Capabilities...........................................................................................36
 
4.2.1
 
Access to the National and International Air Space.......................36
 
4.2.2
 
Command and control from an outside entity................................38
 
4.2.3
 
Long Range and Endurance..........................................................39
 
4.2.4
 
Formation flight..............................................................................39
 
4.2.5
 
Monitor/control of multi-ship operations.........................................40
 
4.2.6
 
High Altitude..................................................................................40
 
4.2.7
 
Increased Platform Availability......................................................40
 
4.2.8
 
Terrain Avoidance.........................................................................41
 
4.2.9
 
Vertical Profiling............................................................................42
 
4.2.10
 
Deploy / potentially retrieve...........................................................42
 
 
Civil UAV Capability Assessment December 2004
Draft Version 
ii4.2.11
 
Quick deployment times................................................................43
 
4.2.12
 
Precision aircraft state data...........................................................43
 
4.2.13
 
Precision trajectories.....................................................................44
 
4.2.14
 
All-Weather....................................................................................44
 
4.2.15
 
Base of operations in remote area.................................................45
 
4.3
 
Technologies........................................................................................45
 
4.3.1
 
Autonomous mission management...............................................45
 
4.3.2
 
Sophisticated contingency management.......................................46
 
4.3.3
 
Collision Avoidance.......................................................................47
 
4.3.4
 
Intelligent system health monitoring..............................................48
 
4.3.5
 
Reliable Flight Systems.................................................................48
 
4.3.6
 
Over-the-Horizon Communication.................................................49
 
4.4
 
Technology Development Schedule.....................................................50
 
4.5
 
Payload sensor development: autonomy and miniaturization...............53
 
List of Appendices
Appendix A Customer ListAppendix B Interview QuestionnaireAppendix C Acronyms, Abbreviations, and DefinitionsAppendix D UAV Mission DescriptionsAppendix E UAV GOTChA ChartAppendix F Technology Readiness Levels

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