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E. F. Schumacher Society. The Community Land Trust

E. F. Schumacher Society. The Community Land Trust

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Published by Avantgardens
The Community Land Trust:
A Guide to a New Model for Land Tenure in America
The Community Land Trust:
A Guide to a New Model for Land Tenure in America

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Published by: Avantgardens on Oct 12, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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10/16/2013

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THE
COMMUNITY LAND
TRUST
A Guide
to
a
New Model for Land Tenure
in
America
International Independence InstituteWest Road, Box 183Ashby, Massachusetts 01431Robert
S.
Swann, DirectorShimon GottschalkErick
S.
HanschEdward WebsterPublished byCenter for Community Economic Development1878 Massachusetts AvenueCambridge, Massachusetts 02140
1972
2007
reprint byDRA of Vermontc/o
E.
Webster
355
Upper Dover
Road
W.
Mariboro,
VT
05363
Design and Layout: Lana Kurtz
 
Contents
PrefaceForeword and AcknowledgementsIntroduction
Historical PrecedentsEvolution and Effect of Land Tenure PracticesIs There a
Way
Out?vii
ixxiii
xiii
xiv
xvi
Part
0ne:The
Idea
Chapter One: The Community Land Trust
Defining the Community Land Trust
The Concept
of
Trust
-
Community
Applications of the Community Land Trust Concept
Rural New Towns
-
Urban Land Trust
Political Dimensions
Indian Tribal Lands
-
Mexican-American Claims
-
Alaskan
Land Claims
Chapter Two: Experiments
in
Community Landholding
~oreignModels
if/ma
VÂ¥I//j/n Ejido
-
Gramdm
-
Jewish National Fund
American Experiments
Intentional Communities
-
Religious Communities
-
ax Enclaves
-
Homesteader Communities(Single Tax Emphasis)
-
New Community
Trust
-
Mornlngside Gardens
-
New Communities,Inc.
-
Homestead and Commune Movements
Chapter Three: One Experiment: Organizing
New
Communities, Inc.
New Communities, Inc.
-
The Early YearsExploring the Feasibility of a Land Tmst
Program
Form
of Ownership: The Leasehold PrinciplePreliminary Organizational Structure
The
Process of Incorporation
Legal Trust vs. Nonprofit Corporation
-
Election of Officers
-
Bylaws
Drafted
-
ExecutiveCommittee Selected
Location
of
the OfficeFinancing the Initial Land PurchaseThe Reality: Building the Community
 
Part
Two:
Doing
It
Chapter Four: Getting Started
Initial Considerations and RelationshipsThe Issue of Control and Exercise of Trusteeship
Local Control Within the Community Land Trust Framework
-
Establishing the Line BetweenControl and Trusteeship
-
ases for Regional Trusteeship
-
pecial Problems In the Controlof Donated Land
General Organization and
Structure
Use of Existing vs. New Trust OrganizationsChoosing the Legal EntityRelation to Other Organizations
Local Sponsor
-
Community Development Corporation
-
own Corporation (or GoverningCommi tee)
ParticipationChart
1:
New Communities, Inc. ModelChart
2:
Regional Land Trust Model
Chapter Five: Internal Organizational Structure
Articles of OrganizationBy awsSelection of the BoardSpecial Bylaw Provisions
Quorum Provisions
-
ales Transactions
-
Sale of Private Property on the Trust
Additional StructureChart 3: Internal Structure of a Regional Land Trust
Chapter Six: Land Selection and Acquisition
Possible Sources of Community Development Land
Underused or Misused Federal Lands
-
Government-Subsidized Private Land
-
EcologicallyConcerned Private Owners -Tax Sale Land
-
egislative Action
-
traight Purchase
Buying Land
Choice of Site
-
Land Prices
Chapter Seven: Financing
Financing Land Acquisition: Current Choices
Land
Gifts
-
Grants
and Other Gifts
-
Social
Investment (Loan) Funds
-
Conventional
First
Mortgage
-
Financing Land Cost from Rental Income
Financing Land Acquisition: Methods To
Be
Investigated
National LandUsePolicy
-
Securities in Place of Mortgages
-
egislative (Special Tax)Proposals
-
nflation-Protected Debt Instrument
Financing Improvements
Housing Programs
-
Mortgaging to Lessee: Bryn Gweled Model
-
Borrowing on Behalf ofLessee
-
Mortgage
ass
jeopardy
-
Second Mortgage Investment Pool
-
Community Betterments

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