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LCR v. USA – Findings of Fact & Conclusions of Law

LCR v. USA – Findings of Fact & Conclusions of Law

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Published by Kathleen Perrin
Log Cabin Republicans v. USA [challenge to DADT]. Finding of Fact & Conclusions of Law after court trial. Filed 10/12/2010
Log Cabin Republicans v. USA [challenge to DADT]. Finding of Fact & Conclusions of Law after court trial. Filed 10/12/2010

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Published by: Kathleen Perrin on Oct 12, 2010
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The Court overruled Defendants' objections to Exhibit 38, the April 27,2006. Declaration of John Doe, and considers the statements containedtherein regarding Doe's then-present state of mind for the limited purpose for(continued...)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTCENTRAL DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIALOG CABIN REPUBLICANS, anon-profit corporation,Plaintiff,v.UNITED STATES OF AMERICAand ROBERT M. GATES,SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, inhis official capacity,Defendants. _________________________ )))))))))))))))Case No. CV 04-08425-VAP (Ex)
This case was tried to the Court on July 13 through 16 and July 20through 23, 2010. After conclusion of the evidence and closing arguments onJuly 23, 2010, both sides timely submitted supplemental post-trial briefing onthe admissiblility of a pretrial declaration submitted by Log Cabin Republicansmember John Doe,
and the matter stood submitted.
Case 2:04-cv-08425-VAP-E Document 251 Filed 10/12/10 Page 1 of 84 Page ID #:7703
(...continued)which they were offered, i.e., Doe's state of mind with respect to whether theAct chilled his speech and ability to petition the government for a redress ofgrievances. See Fed. R. Evid. 803(3).
To the extent any of the Findings of Fact should more properly beconsidered Conclusions of Law, they shall be deemed as such.
Having considered all the evidence presented by the parties, as well as theargument and briefing by counsel, the Court makes the following Findings ofFact and Conclusions of Law
pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52.
1.Plaintiff Log Cabin Republicans ("Log Cabin," "LCR," or "Plaintiff") is anon-profit corporation founded in 1977 and organized under the laws ofthe District of Columbia. (Trial Exs. 109 [Bylaws], 110 [Articles ofIncorporation].)2.Plaintiff's mission includes "assist[ing] in the development andenactment of policies affecting the gay and lesbian community . . . by[the] federal government[]. . . and advocat[ing] and support[ing] . . .activities or initiatives which (i) provide equal rights under law topersons who are gay or lesbian, [and] (ii) promote nondiscriminationagainst or harassment of persons who are gay or lesbian . . . ." (TrialEx. 109 [Mission Statement, attached as Ex. A to Bylaws].) The reliefsought here, i.e., the ability of homosexual servicemembers to serveopenly in the United States Armed Forces through repeal of the Don'tAsk, Don't Tell Act, relates to both aspects of Log Cabin's mission.3.Plaintiff filed its Complaint on October 12, 2004. (Doc. No. 1.) It filed aFirst Amended Complaint ("FAC") on April 28, 2006. (Doc. No. 25.)
Case 2:04-cv-08425-VAP-E Document 251 Filed 10/12/10 Page 2 of 84 Page ID #:7704
4.Plaintiff seeks only declaratory and injunctive relief in its First AmendedComplaint; neither its claims nor the relief sought require individualizedproof on the part of its members.
John Doe’s Standing
5.John Doe serves as a lieutenant colonel in the United States ArmyReserve. He joined Log Cabin Republicans in early September 2004by completing an application form (using a pseudonym) and payingannual dues through Martin Meekins, then a member of Plaintiff'snational board of directors. Meekins accepted the application form anddues payment from Doe and forwarded them to LCR's nationalheadquarters. (Trial Ex. 38.)6.Doe arranged to pay his membership dues in this manner because hefeared he would be discharged from the Army Reserve pursuant to theDon't Ask, Don't Tell Act if he joined the organization openly, using histrue name. Id.7.Thus, at the time the Complaint was filed on October 12, 2004, JohnDoe was a member in good standing of Plaintiff Log CabinRepublicans.8.To comply with the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Act, Doe must keep his sexualorientation a secret from his coworkers, his unit, and his militarysuperiors, and he may not communicate the core of his emotions andidentity to others in the same manner as heterosexual members of themilitary, on pain of discharge from the Army. (Doc. No. 212 ["July 6,2010, Order"] at 16; Trial Ex. 38.)9.Doe paid annual membership dues shortly before this action was filedin October 2004, but LCR did not introduce evidence showing Doe paid
Case 2:04-cv-08425-VAP-E Document 251 Filed 10/12/10 Page 3 of 84 Page ID #:7705

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