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IB English IV, Yeats

IB English IV, Yeats

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Published by Julie
Identical to Autumnah's, only re-uploaded for use of avoiding the archive.
Identical to Autumnah's, only re-uploaded for use of avoiding the archive.

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Published by: Julie on Oct 13, 2010
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IB English II Study Guide: Yeats Test
29 Sept. 2008. Mrs. Benson Test format:
15 multiple choice questions regarding poetic elements andrecognition of passages
2 written portions (long single-paragraph responses, basically) inresponse to two of six/seven selected passages.Requirements:
Recognize excerpts according to source and location
Recognize poetic literary elements and
Analyze their effects
Analyze relation to theme
Analyze excerpt’s contribution to poem as a whole. That’s a tall order, ne?It’s all right. This guide is here to help.Poem list: The Lake Isle of InnisfreeEaster 1916Sailing to ByzantiumWild Swans at CooleSong of Wandering AengusAdam’s CurseNo Second Troy The Second ComingGuide Format:PoemStructure/Style/MeterSummary/Possible themesMain literary devicesImportant lines
Before we begin: Things to Watch Out for (Beware!)
Referring to the speaker as Yeats . Yes, Yeats wrote it, and he’sone of those poets who really expresses himself personally in thepoems, but it’s really not correct or good form to say “in line 7, Yeats is saying…”—much better to avoid that reference. Treat itas an almost solitary object, the poem. This means avoidbringing up his personal life (Maud Gonne) in excess. When youmake the poem about Yeats’ lovesickness for this one person, it
 
reduces the meaning of the poem itself to a very small thing.Poems should be universal.
Relying too much on Spencer’s presentation of 
 A Vision
. Yes, Yeats has occult tendencies, and loves to feature antitheses,gyres, and all that, but remember that none of the poems we’velooked at (besides Sailing to Byzantium, and still it’s very close)were published after
 A Vision
was—they all came before. Socertain images may be
indications
of Yeats’ thinking, but they donot directly correspond to that theory—he hadn’t completed ityet!
Now, THE POEMS
1. “The Lake Isle of Innisfree”
Structure: Lyric poem (expressing feelings/desires) in first personRhyme scheme abab Three stanzas, with 1
st
3 lines of each being 13 syllables and lastline of each 8 syllables.
Summary: Speaker’s expression of desire to find a peaceful,beautiful place to live, shown to be useless in the last stanza—the idyllic home is imaginary but still desired. Theme: People canimagine peacefulness and thus partially escapeunhappiness/chaos?
Literary devices:
Imagery 
– All senses affected (“clay and wattles”=touch;“glimmer,” “purple glow”=sight; “bee-loud,” “lake waterlapping”=hearing; “honey-bee”=possibly taste; etc.) –Allcontribute to a motif of peacefulness, contrasted with the laststanza
Euphony 
(pleasant combination of sounds) – Contributes topeacefulness
Metonymy/Synecdoche – 
“and evening full of the linnet’s wings”;where the wings represent the linnets themselves—adds tocompleteness of the scene
Important lines:“Nine bean-rows will I have there, a hive for the honey-bee” (3)And I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow”(5)“I will arise and go now, for always night and day” (9)“While I stand on the roadway, or on the pavements grey,I hear it in the deep heart’s core.” (11-12)
Hear Yeats read the poem aloud athttp://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15529
 
2. “Easter 1916”
Structure: Lyric poem; Elegy/Eulogy for dead rebels4 stanzas – abab cdcd schemeIst and 3
rd
stanzas: 16 lines; 2
nd
and 4
th
stanzas: 24 lines eachLargely iambic, mostly trimester—becomes more regular aspoem progresses, as though expressing the discovery of comprehension or at least acceptanceRespectful, reflective tone—subtly intense (“a terrible beauty isborn”)
Summary: Elegy for 15 people dead/executed in Easter Rising.Speaker takes a helplessly ambivalent view, not condemning andnot praising—merely recognizing a change. Theme: Death forsuch a powerful cause cannot be called meaningless; one way oranother, it changes things.
Literary devices:
Imagery 
– Most concentrated in third stanza. Images of a stone ina stream may reflect the analogy to this event’s solid place inhistory, whereas images of life reflect the overwhelmingcontinuity of nature.
Repetition
– Phrases “minute by minute” suggest chaotic change“A terrible beauty is born” for all but 3
rd
stanza: oxymoron(terrible beauty)—reflects the overall irreconcilable extremes of the Easter Rising. It’s good, but it’s bad. No final judgment ispossible.“Wherever is worn” 1
st
stanza=motley (chaotic,scattered, plain)2
nd
stanza=green (lively, unified, meaningful)Suggests change from decay to life through this event
Important lines:“I have met them at close of day” (1)“I have passed with a nod of the head” (5)And thought before I had done/of a mocking tale or a gibe” (9-10)
End lines of each stanza:
“All’s changed, changed utterly:A terrible beauty is born” (15-16)
Compare to
“He, too, has been changed in his turn, Transformed utterly:A terrible beauty is born.” (38-40)
Compare to
“Minute by minute they live: The stone’s in the midst of it all.” (55-56)
Compare to

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