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The Cinematography in Our Doc

The Cinematography in Our Doc

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Published by teme_petrakova

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Published by: teme_petrakova on Oct 13, 2010
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11/06/2010

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The cinematography in our documentary
List of the variety of shots, angles and camera movements that wecan use
TypePurposeUsefulness
Variety of Shots
1.Extreme Long ShotGenerally used as a scene-setting,establishing shot… normallyshows an exterior (e.g. the outsideof a building, or a landscape)... it'smeant to give a generalimpression rather than specificinformation.This type of shot will be usefulto us as it will help us establishthe surroundings of theuniversity and a generalimpression of the universityitself.2.Long ShotThis category includes the FULLSHOT showing the entire human body, with the head near the topof the frame and the feet near the bottom. While the focus is oncharacters, plenty of backgrounddetail still emergesThis shot would be useful for filming student comingin and out of theuniversity as their entire body would be inthe frame but also inthe background theuniversity campus or a part of it would bevisible.It could also be used for a shotof a student and teacher talking, maybe in thelibrary as that canconvey the idea of university life.3.Medium ShotContains a figure from theknees/waist up and is normallyused for dialogue scenes, or toshow some detail of action.Background detail is minimal, probably because location has been established earlier in thescene Variations on this includethe TWO SHOT (containing twofigures from the waist up), theTHREE SHOT (contains 3figures...) and the OVER THESHOULDER SHOT.This would be suitable for aninterview, interaction between students,interaction between anemployer & anemployee.4.Close-UpThis shows very little background, and concentrates oneither a face, or a specific detailof mise en scène. Everything elseis just a blur in the background.Emphasising words written on paper (maybe a textbook for university) or a sign. Also tocatch the expression onsomeone's face.
 
This shot magnifies the object andshows the importance of things.5.Extreme Close-UpGenerally magnifying beyondwhat the human eye wouldexperience in reality. An extremeclose-up of a face, for instance,would show only the mouth or eyes, with no background detailwhatsoever. This is a veryartificial shot, and can be used for dramatic effect.It is unlikely that we would usesuch a shot. Possibility wouldmaybe be an extreme close upof the eyes of a student whilehe/she is reading a sign whichwould be as part of thecutaways.
Variety of angles
1.Bird’s Eye ViewThis shows a scene from directlyoverhead, a very unnatural andstrange angle.This shot does, however, put theaudience in a godlike position,looking down on the action.People can be made to look insignificant.Variations are the CRANE SHOTand the AREAL SHOT.Even if we could use this shotit would not fit in well withinour film as it would be overlydramatic.2.High AngleThe camera is elevated above theaction.High angles make the object photographed seem smaller, andless significant. The object or character often gets swallowed up by their setting - they become partof a wider pictureAs part of the cutaways if wefind the right spot a shot fromabove of students in auniversity so to convey theidea of the students being partof a wider scheme of thingse.g. the education scheme.3.Eye LevelA fairly neutral shot; the camerais positioned as though it is ahuman actually observing a scene,so that the actor's head is on alevel with the focus.We would be using this type of shot for every interview thatwe do.4.Low Angle
 
Low angles help give a sense of confusion to a viewer, of  powerlessness within the action of a scene. The background of a low angleshot will tend to be just sky or ceiling, the lack of detail aboutthe setting adding to thedisorientation of the viewer.Theadded height of the object maymake it inspire fear and insecurityin the viewer, who is psychologically dominated by thefigure on the screen.Maybe towards the end or evenfor an ending a low angle of astudent deciding which way togo, university or apprenticeship. The low anglemay provide the sense of confusion that the student isfeeling but it will thenillustrate the student as the onein control, the decision ishis/hers to make.Or such a shot of one studentlooking up to the university inthe background followed byanother looking up to a building where he will be an
 
apprentice. This wouldconclude that both options arevalid.5.Oblique/Canted/DutchAngleThis technique is used to suggestPOINT-OF-View shots (i.e. whenthe camera becomes the 'eyes' of one particular character, seeingwhat they see — a hand heldcamera is often used for this.I don’t think that this anglewill be suitable for our documentary as it may causeconfusion.
Camera Movements
1.PansA movement which scans a scenehorizontally. The camera is placedon a tripod, which operates as astationary axis point as the camerais turned, often to follow amoving object which is kept inthe middle of the frame.This will be effective whenfilming the students outside theuniversity and also theaccommodation of a student.2.TiltsA movement which scans a scenevertically, otherwise similar to a pan.Suitable for showing theuniversity building from top to bottom- representative of itsgrandness and the traditionaloutlook of the university as thekey to the door to success.3.Hand-held shotsHand held cameras denote acertain kind of gritty realism, andthey can make the audience feelas though they are part of a scene,rather than viewing it from adetached, frozen position.Effective shot but probably notappropriate for a BBCdocumentary.4.Zoom LensesGetting a 'close up' shot while still being some distance from thesubject. A video zoom lens canchange the position of theaudience, either very quickly (asmash zoom) or slowly.Useful for zooming in at thework that an apprentice isdoing e.g. making a phone call, practicing a specific job or so.

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