INTRODUCTIONThe human body is divided into many different parts called organs. All of the parts are controlled byan organ called the brain, which is located in the head. The brain weighs about 2. 75 pounds, and hasa whitish-pink appearance. The brain is made up of many cells, and is the control centre of the body.The brain flashes messages out to all the other parts of the body.The messages travel in very fine threads called nerves. The nerves and the brain make up a systemsomewhat like telephone poles carrying wires across the city. This is called the nervous system. Thenerves in the body don't just send messages from the brain to the organs, but also send messagesfrom the eyes, ears, skin and other organs back to your brain. Some nerves are linked directly tothebrain. Others have to reach the brain through a sort of power line down the back, called the spinalcord.The brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system. The brain doesn't just control yourorgans, but also can think and remember. That part of the brain is called the mind.PROTECTING THE BRAINTwenty-eight bones make up the skull. Eight of these bones are interlocking plates. These platesform the cranium.The cranium provides maximum protection with minimum weight, the ideal combination. The othertwenty bones make up the face, jaw and other parts of the skull. Another way the brain keeps it self safe is by keeping itself in liquid. Nearly one fifth of the blood pumped by the heart is sent to thebrain. The brain then sends the blood through an intricate network of blood vessels to where theblood is needed. Specialized blood vessels called choroid plexuses produce a protectivecerebrospinal fluid.This fluid is what the brain literally floats in. A third protective measure taken by the brain is calledthe blood brain barrier. This barrier consists of a network of unique capillaries. These capillaries arefilters for harmful chemicals carried by the blood, but do allow oxygen, water and glucose to enterthe brain.THE DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF THE BRAINThe brain is divided into three main sections.The area at the front of the brain is the largest. Most of it is known as the cerebrum. It controls all of the movements that you have to think about, thought and memory. The cerebrum is split in twodifferent sections, the right half and the left half.The outer layer of the cerebrum is called the cortex. It is mainly made up of cell bodies of neuronscalled grey matter. Most of the work the brain does is done in the cortex. It is very wrinkled and hasmany folds. The wrinkles and folds give the cortex a large surface area, even though it is squeezedup to fit in the skull. The extra surface area gives the cerebrum more area to work.