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Dna Computing Proposal

Dna Computing Proposal

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Published by Ahmed Saad

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Published by: Ahmed Saad on Oct 13, 2010
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10/13/2010

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DNAComputing
PROJECT DESCRIPTION:
Apply DNA computing of PCR
Problem “Hamiltonian
Path Problem
 For
Solving
 
Route planning problem in Mansoura city aiming at
reducing time andchoose the best Way to reach my goal with optimal solution.
DNA Computing demonstrates favorable performance on solving theCombinatorial optimization problems. With comparing to traditional searchAlgorithms, DNA Computing is able to automatically acquire and accumulate theNecessary knowledge about the search space during its search process.
DNA
 
computing
 
is
 
a form of computing which uses DNA, biochemistryAnd molecular biology, instead of the traditional silicon-based computerTechnologies. DNA computing, or, more generally, bimolecular computing, is aFast developing interdisciplinary area. Research and development in this areaConcerns theory, experiments and applications of DNA computingIt "computes" using
enzymes
that react with DNA strands, causing chain reactions.The chain reactions act as a kind of simultaneous computing or
 parallelProcessing
, whereby many possible solutions to a given problem can be presented
 
 
Simultaneously with the correct solution being one of the results.The DNA double helix is stabilized by hydrogen bonds between the basesAttached to the two strands. The four bases found in DNA are adenine(abbreviated A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T). These four bases areAttached to the sugar/phosphate to form the complete nucleotide, as shown forAdenosine monophosphate
 
 
DNA overview :
DNA Structure
:
 Double-stranded molecule twisted into a helixSugar Phosphate backbone Each strand connected to a complimentary strand  Bonding between paired nucleotides : Adenine and Thymine , Cytosine and Guanine
Data Storage :
 Data encoded as 4 bases : A,T,C,G Data density of DNA
 
One million Gbits/sq. inch!
 
 Hard drive : 7 Gbits per square inch Double Stranded Nature of DNA
 
 Base pairs
 – 
A and T , C and G
 
S is ATTACGTCG then S' is TAATGCAGC 
 
 Leads to error correction!

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