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Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan1

Buku Ajar Taksonomi Tumbuhan1

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Published by: Je Item X on Oct 14, 2010
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DAFTAR ISI
DAFTAR ISI...................................................................................................................1PENDAHULUAN...........................................................................................................41.1. DEFENISI DAN RUANG LINGKUP..................................................................41.2. TUJUAN..............................................................................................................41.3. HUBUNGAN DENGAN ILMU BOTANI LAIN.................................................51.4. TAHAP PERKEMBANGAN...............................................................................5DETERMINASI..............................................................................................................72.1. CARA MENDETERMINASI TUMBUHAN........................................................72.2. ATURAN PEMBUATAN KUNCI DETERMINASI............................................82.3. MENGGUNAKAN KUNCI DETERMINASI......................................................92.4. JENIS-JENIS KUNCI DETERMINASI TUMBUHAN........................................92.5. MEMBUAT CONTOH KUNCI DETERMINASI SEDERHANA......................10TATA NAMA (NOMENKLATUR)..............................................................................123.1. SEJARAH TATANAMA TUMBUHAN............................................................123.2. NAMA UMUM..................................................................................................133.3. NAMA ILMIAH.................................................................................................143.4. PRINSIP DAN PERATURAN TATANAMA TUMBUHAN.............................143.5. KOMPOSISI NAMA ILMIAH...........................................................................153.6. TINGKAT KESATUAN TAKSONOMI............................................................163.7. TIPE TATANAMA TUMBUHAN.....................................................................173.8. SATU TAKSON SATU NAMA.........................................................................18KELAS CHAROPHYCEAE (CHARACEAE)..............................................................19(Ganggang karang)....................................................................................................19KELAS PHAEOPHYCEAE..........................................................................................21(Ganggang pirang).....................................................................................................215.1. Bangsa Phaeosporales.........................................................................................215.2. Bangsa Laminariles............................................................................................225.3. Bangsa Dictyotales.............................................................................................245.4. Bangsa Fucales...................................................................................................25KELAS RHODOPHYCEAE.........................................................................................27(Ganggang merah).....................................................................................................276.1. Anak kelas BANGIEAEA (PROTOFLORIDEAE).............................................276.2. Anak kelas FLORIDEAE....................................................................................27LICHENES...................................................................................................................30(Lumut Kerak)...........................................................................................................307.1. Kelas ASCOLICHENES.....................................................................................317.2. Kelas BASIDIOLICHENES (HYMENOLICHENES)........................................31DIVISI BRYOPHYTE..................................................................................................33(Tumbuhan Lumut)...................................................................................................338.1. KELAS HEPATICAE (LUMUT HATI).............................................................348.1.1. Bangsa Anthocerotales (Lumut Tanduk)..........................................................348.1.2. Bangsa Marchantiales......................................................................................358.1.3. Bangsa jungermaniales....................................................................................358.2. KELAS MUSCI (LUMUT DAUN)....................................................................36
 
28.2.1. Bangsa Andreaeales.....................................................................................388.2.2. Bangsa Sphagnales ( lumut gambut )............................................................388.2.3. Bangsa Bryales............................................................................................39PTERIDOPHYTA.........................................................................................................43(Tumbuhan Paku)......................................................................................................43KELAS PSILOPHYTINAE..........................................................................................48(Paku Purba)..............................................................................................................4810.1. Bangsa Psilophytales (Paku Telanjang).............................................................4810.2. Bangsa Psilotales..............................................................................................49KELAS LYCOPODINAE.............................................................................................51( Paku Rambat atau Paku Kawat )..............................................................................5111.1. Bangsa Lycopodiales........................................................................................5111.2. Bangsa Selaginellales (Paku Rane, Paku Lumut)...............................................5311.3. Bangsa Lepidodendrales...................................................................................5411.4. Bangsa Isoetales...............................................................................................56KELAS EQUISETINAE...............................................................................................58(Paku Ekor Kuda)......................................................................................................5812.1. Bangsa Equisetales...........................................................................................5812.2. Bangsa Sphenophyllales....................................................................................6112.3. Bangsa Protoarticulatales..................................................................................61KELAS FILICINAE......................................................................................................63(Paku Sejati)..............................................................................................................6313.1. Leptosporangiate (Filices).................................................................................6313.2. Anak Kelas Hydropterides (Paku Air)...............................................................70PRIMOFILICES...........................................................................................................74FITOGRAFI..................................................................................................................7515.1. KORMUS DAN BAGIAN-BAGIANNYA.......................................................7515.2. AKAR (Radix)..................................................................................................7515.3. BATANG (CAULIS)........................................................................................8015.4. DAUN (Folium)...............................................................................................8515.5. BAGIAN-BAGIAN LAIN PADA TUMBUHAN,..........................................109BATANG, DAN DAUN.........................................................................................10915.6. ALAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN (Organum Reproductivum)........................11315.6.1. BUNGA (FLOS)......................................................................................11315.6.2. Bagian-bagian Bunga...............................................................................11915.7. BUAH (
Fructus
).........................................................................................12515.8. BIJI (Semen)...............................................................................................12915.9. Lembaga
(Embryo)
.....................................................................................131DESKRIPSI................................................................................................................13416.1. DEFENISI DAN KEPENTINGAN.................................................................13416.2. BENTUK DAN ISI DESKRIPSI....................................................................134PENCIRIAN...............................................................................................................13517.1. DEFENISI......................................................................................................13517.2. MACAM SIFAT TAKSONOMI.....................................................................135SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI...............................................................................13618.1. PERANAN SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI................................................136
 
318.2. BEBERAPA SUMBER BUKTI TAKSONOMI..............................................136KLASIFIKASI............................................................................................................13919.1. DEFENISI DAN TUJUAN.............................................................................13919.2. SEJARAH DAN MACAM-MACAM KLASIFIKASI....................................139TEKNIK PEMBUATAN HERBARIUM....................................................................14420.1. DEFENISI DAN FUNGSI HERBARIUM......................................................14420.2. CARA MENGKOLEKSI TUMBUHAN.........................................................144SPERMATOPHYTA..................................................................................................14821.1. Subdivisi Gymnospermae...............................................................................14821.2. Subdivisi Angiospermae.................................................................................149

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