AN01b1_Ch01- The Peopling of the World: Humans Try to Control Nature
1. Show the wonders of the universe/ nature.
2. Relate the universe to our lives.
3. Validates a social order. (Who should be leaders, followers, honored, revered, etc.)
4. Teaches us how to live under a variety of circumstances. 5. Myths explain the human condition/ nature as products of divine intervention. 'History,' therefore, is predominantly a result of divine forces and not the will of Man.
B. Myths reveal that...
1. gods intervene.
2. gods are anthropomorphic
3. there is a Human – Divine Connection
4. 'Floods' serve to cleanse the earth and punish.
5. Kings are divine or divinely chosen.
6. ’Heroes' live long lives but often the lives are very difficult.
7. Questions are posed and addressed that focus on Immortality, divine knowledge, morality, etc.
How can we explain the similarity in content (and moral) of these and other myths?
1.Joseph Campbell:* The Human psyche is the same all over the world. Archetypes are the common ideas of myths.
2.Cultural Diffusion: Contact on one or more levels (conquest, commerce, assimilation, etc.) between cultures could partially explain how myths from a few cultures are similar.
IV. Climate Change and
New Tools Contribute to a Farming Lifestyle
A. Warmer + Drier = increased world food supply (Ice Age ends 18,000 BP + glaciers begin receding). Increased food supply as grasses populate open areas revealed by the retreating ice sheets. Three weeks of labor cultivating grains and other domesticated crops meets the calorie needs for one year.
1.Fertile Crescent: Nile, Tigris-Euphrates Rivers- Wheat, Barley, Rye (~9000 BP)
2.China: Huang He River- millet (~8000 BP)
4.Andean: Potatoes (~7000 BP)
B. Population pressures [Increased food supply in environment = more people]
C. Domestication of animals [horses, dogs, sheep, goats, pigs-
meat, milk, wool]
The Transformation of Human Communities- The Revolution
The agricultural revolution had such a profound impact on society that many people call this era the "dawn of civilization." During the same period that the plow was invented, the wheel, writing, and