L04_ch01-The Peopling of the World: Humans Try to Control NatureTimeline:
10,000 BP - 5500 BP
To what extent was the Neolithic Revolution truly "revolutionary"?
Revolution in food production establishes a foundation for early river valley civilizations. This ‘change’ iscomprised of many other ‘small’ changes involving technology, animal domestication and transforming social roles. Among some of the smaller changes we would include: New and better stone tools, Use and improvement of metal tools,Harnessing animal power, and Increasing social complexity.
SWBAT...●Explain factors that caused the Agricultural Revolution.●Demonstrate on maps where independent agricultural revolutions took place and offer examples of which cropswere grown in each region.●Compare hunter gathering societies vs. agricultural society
: Literally means
New Stone Age.
A period in human history from ~10,000 BP to 5,500 BPmarked by the use of increasingly specialized tools made of stone. The period ends as metal tools replace stone(Copper, Bronze, Iron Ages). (Remember: Homo Neanderthalensis has already become extinct in Asia by 50k BP,in Europe by ~40k BP)B.
: Contextually, it refers to drastic and quick change.C.
: The rapid advancement in the domestication and cultivation of crop plants during theNeolithic period. In addition, many animals were similarly domesticated at this time. Such advancementscontributed to the abandonment of a hunter-gatherer lifestyle for an agrarian (sedentary) lifestyle.
II. Migrations from Africa
A. East toward the Far EastB. South toward Southern AfricaC. North toward Europe
1.Enroute to East Asia, pre-humans
spread into Europe, Central Asia, & South Asia.2.By ~50,000 BP, the Bering Straits is bridged by land exposed by lower global water levels (the polar ice capsfixed a greater volume of water than at the present.) Anatomically modern humans cross the straits into the Westernhemisphere.
(Homo Neanderthalensis became extinct in Asia by 50k BP, in Europe by ~40k BP)3.Glacial corridors
allow human migration southward into the South American continent.
Anatomically modern (Homo Sapien). Recent research, since 1997, now suggests that Homo Neanderthalensis evolved outside of Africa and is not in thehuman evolutionary chain.