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Rr 200711

Rr 200711

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Published by Syed Ahyauddin

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Published by: Syed Ahyauddin on Oct 15, 2010
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03/17/2012

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MANAGEMENT BOARD
 Mr Munir-ud-din Shams (Chairman) Mr Mansoor Shah (Secretary) Mr Naseer Ahmad Qamar  Mr Mubarak Ahmad Zafar  Mr Mirza Fakhar Ahmad  Mr. Abdul Baqi Arshad 
CHIEF EDITOR AND MANAGER 
 Mansoor Ahmed Shah
EDITORIAL BOARD
 Basit Ahmad  Bockarie Tommy Kallon Fareed Ahmad  Fazal Ahmad. Fauzia Bajwa Mansoor Saqi Mahmood Hanif  Mansoora Hyder-Hanif  Navida Shahid Sarah WaseemSaleem Ahmad Malik Tanveer Khokhar 
SPECIAL CONTRIBUTORS
 Amatul Hadi Ahmad  Farina Qureshi
PROOFREADERS
 Abdul Ghany Jahangeer KhanShaukia Mir 
DESIGN AND LAYOUT
Tanveer Khokhar 
PUBLISHER 
 Al Shirkatul Islamiyyah
DISTRIBUTION
 Muhammad Hanif 
 All correspondence should be forwarded to the editor at:
The Review of ReligionsThe London Mosque16 Gressenhall RoadLondon, SW18 5QLUnited Kingdom
Email:
reviewofreligions@gmail.com
©Islamic Publications, 2007ISSN No: 0034-6721
Views expressed in this publication are notnecessarily the beliefs of the AhmadiyyaMuslim Community
 November 2007, Vol.102, No.11
CONTENTS
Continuing our series of special issues onKhilafat – We start with the first two Khalifasof Islam.HADHRAT ABU BAKR 
(RA)
Account of the life of the first Caliph of Islam,who was closest in example to the teachings of the Qur’an after the Holy Prophet
(saw)
himself.His practical leadership was based on belief inthe power of Allah that supported the Muslims.
 Adam HaniWalker – UK 
....................................3
HADHRAT‘UMA
(RA)
Story of how a young Makkan turned from ahostile enemy of Islam to the second Caliph of Islam, and a humble servant of his people. Howhis leadership inspired Islam’s greatest expansionacross the world.
 Mashhood Ahmad and FazalAhmad – UK 
........40
Cover photo:
Jerusalem Arch
Copyright: Big Stock Photos
.
Nov 2007.qxd 28/12/07 11:31 Page 1
 
2
The Review of Religions
 –November 2007
KHILAFAT: Special Edition 2
Verse references to the Holy Qur’an item count ‘Bismillah...’ (Inthe Name of Allah...) as the first verse of each Chapter. In somenon-standard texts, this is not counted. Should the reader refer tosuch texts, the verse quoted in
The Review of Religions
will befound a verse earlier, i.e. at one verse less than the number quoted.In this journal, for the ease of non-Muslim readers, ‘(saw)’ or ‘saw’ after the words, ‘Holy Prophet’, or the name ‘Muhammad’,are used. They stand for 
‘Sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam’ 
meaning‘peace and blessings of Allah be upon him’. Likewise, the letters‘(as)’ or ‘as’ after the name of all other prophets is an abbreviationmeaning ‘peace be upon him’ derived from
‘Alaihis salatuwassalam’ 
which are words that a Muslim utters out of respectwhenever he or she comes across that name. The abbreviation ‘ra’or (ra) stands for 
‘Radhiallahu Ta’ala anhu
and is used for Companions of a Prophet, meaning Allah be pleased with him or her (when followed by the relevant Arabic pronoun). Finally,‘ru’or (ru) for 
 Rahemahullahu Ta’ala
means the Mercy of Allah theExalted be upon him.In keeping with current universal practice, local transliterations of names of places are preferred to their anglicised versions, e.g.Makkah instead of Mecca, etc.
Nov 2007.qxd 28/12/07 11:31 Page 2
 
In a reported hadith (Tradition:saying of) the Holy Prophet
(saw)
said
1
:‘Love of Abu Bakr 
(ra)
andgratitude to him are a duty oneveryone of my Ummah’
Introduction
Abu Bakr 
(ra)
was one of manyArabic titles (
kunya
)given toHadhrat Abu Bakr 
(ra)
 but his actualname was Abdul Ka’aba but after he became a Muslim was named by the Holy Prophet
(saw)
‘Abdullahibn Abi Qahafa ‘Uthman ibn ‘Amir ibn ‘Amr ibn Ka’b ibn Sa’d ibnTaym ibn Murrah ibn Ka’b ibnLu’ayy ibn Ghalib al-Quraishi al-Taymi. His other titles arenumerous and offer us a deepinsight into his character as perceived by those around him.The first of his titles is ‘
 Ateeq
which literally means noble or onewho is freed from someunfortunate outcome or circum-stance. There are countless reasons put forward for him being namedas such with the most compellingrelating to a hadith in which theHoly Prophet
(saw)
said:‘Abu Bakr 
(ra)
you are the onewhom Allah has freed from thehellfire’
2
.He was also known as
 As-Siddiq,
which comes from the root‘truthfulness’ and literally meansthat a person is in a constant stateof truthfulness. It has been relatedin
 Al-Bukhari
(Book of Hadith – Traditions) that the HolyProphet
(saw)
once climbed withHadhrat Abu Bakr 
(ra)
,Hadhrat‘Umar 
(ra)
and Hadhrat ‘Uthman
(ra)
to the top of Mount ‘Uhud uponwhich he said
3
:‘Be firm, O ‘Uhud, for uponyou are a Prophet, a Siddiq(Hadhrat Abu Bakr) and twomartyrs (Hadhrat ‘Umar andHadhrat ‘Uthman)’.In relation to this the PromisedMessiah
(as)
writes in Arabic
4
:
Hadhrat Abu Bakr As-Siddiq
(ra)
 – 
The Great Lover of Allah
ByAdam Hani Walker – UK 
3
KHILAFAT: Special Edition 2
The Review of Religions
 –November 2007
Nov 2007.qxd 28/12/07 11:31 Page 3

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