olymer nanocomposites are a unique new
class of materials with an ultrane dispersion
of nanomaterials in a polymeric matrix. They
have recently gained a great deal of attention becauseof the much superior properties in terms of increasedstrength and modulus, improved heat resistance,decreased gas permeability and ame retardance atvery low loadings of < 5-wt% of nanollers. With theseimproved set of properties, they show a lot of promisein developing a range of advanced plastic and textileproducts. The plastic applications can be in domainssuch as biomedical, electronics, energy, automotive,sports gear, packaging and also aircraft and aerospaceengineering. The textile applications include potentialareas such as- nanocomposite bers, nanobersand other nanomaterial incorporated bers andcoated textiles for applications in medical, defense,aerospace and other technical textile applicationssuch as ltration, protective clothing besides a rangeof smart and intelligent textiles. At Centre for Polymer Science and Engineering and Textile TechnologyDepartment, IIT Delhi, our research group is activelyinvolved in the research and development activitiesfocused in the area of polymer nanocomposites.
Development of Nanocomposites
Innovative composites and nanocomposites aresignicantly widening the range of applications of
thermoplastics as well as thermosets in areas such
as packaging, automotive, bio-medical devices,
A K Ghosh,
Centre for Polymer Science and Engineering
Expertse n Regy and Prcessng f Pymers, Reactve Prcessng, Pymer Bends and Ays, Mxng and cmpundng, Pymer Reactn Engneerng, Nancmpstes, Cmputer Aded Mdeng and Smuatn.
Polymer Nanocomposite : An Advanced New Material forPlastic and Textile Applications
A K GhoSh, MANGAlA JoShi
electronics etc. The focus is to disperse nanollersin polymer matrix and study its effect on mechanicalproperties and rheological behaviour. Polymers likepolyolen, polyamides, polystyrene, ethylene-octenecopolymers have been studied with various nanollerslike nanoclay, nanotalc, carbon nanotubes and carbonnanobers.In an ongoing project, sponsored by DST, a
state of the art facility for processing of polymer
nanocomposites by melt intercalation route hasbeen set up. It includes an advanced twin screwextruder with a modular design and integrated withspecially designed sensors such as dielectric anduorescence which can monitor online the dispersionof nanollers such as nanoclays in the polymer matrix. Since, achieving the nanolevel dispersion of
nanomaterials is the most crucial step in achieving
the right morphology, structure and properties inany nanocomposite, this facility is very importantand a large number of projects are currently beingundertaken on various systems. The morphologyof the layered silicate based nanocomposite isvery complex and may include microparticles,tactoids, and individual layers. Many of the desirable
properties of these polymer nanocomposites are
related to the quality of the dispersion, includingpolymer intercalation into the clay galleries and/or exfoliation (delamination) into individual clay platelets.In intercalated nanocomposites, the insertion of apolymer matrix into the layered silicate structure occursin a crystallographically regular fashion, regardless of
Department of Textile Technology
Expertse n Nantecngy Appcatns n Textes, Pymer Nancmpste fbers and catngs, Nan-Bmateras, Bactve & Functna Textes, Envrnmenta FrendyTecnges fr Textes usng a bend f erba and nan materas.