Cyclic Behavior and Seismic Design of Steel Shear Connections
Judy Liu, Ph.D.Assistant Professor, School of Civil EngineeringPurdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1284,USAAbolhassan Astaneh-Asl, Ph.D., P.E.Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-1710, USA
An experimental and analytical program was undertaken to determine thecontribution of typical shear, or simple, connections, including the floor slab, tothe lateral resistance of steel structures. Through the experimental program, thecyclic behavior of typical shear connections was established. In the analyticalprogram, this information was used for the development of models of moment-rotation response. These efforts have resulted in tools for establishing the role of simple connections in the seismic behavior of steel buildings.
In an effort to establish the contribution of simple connections to the lateral resistance of steelstructures, a combined experimental and analytical program was undertaken. Results from theexperimental program suggested that simple connections, including the effects of the floor slab,behave as partially restrained connections. Information on their cyclic behavior was used for development of models of their moment-rotation response. Presented here is an overview of the test program, experimental results, and basic parameters from the moment-rotation models.
The test program consisted of sixteen full-scale cyclic tests of simple connections. Specimenswere designed as if from a building with W14x90 columns at 7.62 m (25’-0”) spacing, withW18x35 beams framing into W24x55 girders. Connection details included typical 4-, 6- and 8-bolt shear tab connections, a supplemental seat angle, a stiffened seat, pre-80’s shear tabs,and a top-and-bottom angle connection. Variations included the presence of the floor slab, thetype of concrete used, the amount of reinforcement in the floor slab, and the presence of concrete within the column web cavity. Figure 1 shows a typical specimen with slab. Thedimensions of the specimen were 7.62 m (25’-0”) and 3.05 m (10’-0”) pin-to-pin for the beamsand columns, respectively. The slab was 2.44 m (8’-0”) across. The floor was a 158 mm (6-1/4”) concrete slab on 1 mm (20 gage) metal deck with 76.2 mm (3”) ribs. The slabreinforcement included welded wire fabric for temperature and shrinkage, as well as nominalreinforcement across the girders for crack control. With nominal shear studs, the beams andgirders were 20-30% composite. All bolts were ASTM-A325N. Table 1 gives details for testspecimens. For more information on connection details, the reader is referred to Liu andAstaneh-Asl (1).