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Multi-variable calculus
1.1 Implicit functions
1.2 Functional dependence
1.3 Coordinate Transformations
1.3.1 Jacobians and Metric Tensors
1.3.2 Covariance and Contravariance
1.4.1 Derivatives of integral expressions
1.5 Lagrange multipliers
Problems
2.1 Separation of variables
2.2 Homogeneous equations
2.3 Exact equations
2.4 Integrating factors
2.5 Bernoulli equation
2.6 Riccati equation
2.7 Reduction of order
2.7.1 y absent
2.7.2 x absent
2.8 Uniqueness and singular solutions
2.9 Clairaut equation
Linear ordinary diﬀerential equations
3.1 Linearity and linear independence
3.2.1 Arbitrary order
3.2.2 First order
3.2.3 Second order
3.3.1 One solution to ﬁnd another
3.3.2 Euler equation
3.4 Particular solutions
3.4.1 Method of undetermined coeﬃcients
3.4.2 Variation of parameters
3.4.3 Operator D
3.4.4 Green’s functions
Series solution methods
4.1 Power series
4.1.1 First-order equation
4.1.2 Second-order equation
4.1.2.1 Ordinary point
4.1.2.2 Regular singular point
4.1.2.3 Irregular singular point
4.1.3 Higher order equations
4.2 Perturbation methods
4.2.1 Algebraic and transcendental equations
4.2.2 Regular perturbations
4.2.3 Strained coordinates
4.2.4 Multiple scales
4.2.5 Harmonic approximation
4.2.6 Boundary layers
4.2.7 WKB method
4.2.8 Solutions of the type eS(x)
4.2.9 Repeated substitution
Special functions
5.1 Sturm-Liouville equations
5.1.1 Linear oscillator
5.1.2 Legendre equation
5.1.3 Chebyshev equation
5.1.4 Hermite equation
5.1.5 Laguerre equation
5.1.6 Bessel equation
5.1.6.1 ﬁrst and second kind
5.1.6.2 third kind
5.1.6.3 modiﬁed Bessel functions
5.1.6.4 ber and bei functions
5.2 Representation of arbitrary functions
Vectors and tensors
6.1 Cartesian index notation
6.2 Cartesian tensors
6.2.1 Direction cosines
6.2.1.1 Scalars
6.2.1.2 Vectors
6.2.1.3 Tensors
6.2.2 Matrix representation
6.2.3 Transpose of a tensor, symmetric and anti-symmetric ten-
6.2.4 Dual vector of a tensor
6.2.5 Principal axes
6.3 Algebra of vectors
6.3.1 Deﬁnition and properties
6.3.2 Scalar product (dot product, inner product)
6.3.3 Cross product
6.3.4 Scalar triple product
6.3.5 Identities
6.4 Calculus of vectors
6.4.1 Vector function of single scalar variable
6.4.2 Diﬀerential geometry of curves
6.4.2.1 Curves on a plane
6.4.2.2 Curves in 3-dimensional space
6.5 Line and surface integrals
6.5.1 Line integrals
6.5.2 Surface integrals
6.6 Diﬀerential operators
6.6.2 Divergence
6.6.2.1 Vectors
6.6.2.2 Tensors
6.6.3 Curl of a vector
6.6.4 Laplacian
6.6.4.1 Scalar
6.6.4.2 Vector
6.6.5 Identities
6.7 Special theorems
6.7.1 Path independence
6.7.2 Green’s theorem
6.7.3 Gauss’s theorem
6.7.4 Green’s identities
6.7.5 Stokes’ theorem
6.7.6 Leibniz’s Theorem
6.8 Orthogonal curvilinear coordinates
Linear analysis
7.1 Sets
7.2 Diﬀerentiation and integration
7.2.1 Fr´echet derivative
7.2.2 Riemann integral
7.2.3 Lebesgue integral
7.3 Vector spaces
7.3.1 Normed spaces
7.3.2 Inner product spaces
7.3.2.1 Hilbert space
7.3.2.2 Non-commutation of the inner product
7.3.2.3 Minkowski space
7.3.2.4 Orthogonality
7.3.2.5 Gram-Schmidt procedure
7.3.2.6 Representation of a vector
7.3.2.7 Parseval’s equation, convergence, and completeness
7.3.3 Reciprocal bases
7.4 Operators
7.4.1 Linear operators
7.4.3 Inverse operators
7.4.4 Eigenvalues and eigenvectors
7.5 Equations
7.6 Method of weighted residuals
Linear algebra
8.1 Determinants and rank
8.2 Matrix algebra
8.2.1 Column, row, left and right null spaces
8.2.2 Matrix multiplication
8.2.3 Deﬁnitions and properties
8.2.3.1 Diagonal matrices
8.2.3.2 Inverse
8.2.3.3 Similar matrices
8.2.4 Equations
8.2.4.1 Overconstrained Systems
8.2.4.2 Underconstrained Systems
8.2.4.3 Over- and Underconstrained Systems
8.2.4.4 Square Systems
8.2.5 Eigenvalues and eigenvectors
8.2.6 Complex matrices
8.3 Orthogonal and unitary matrices
8.3.1 Orthogonal matrices
8.3.2 Unitary matrices
8.4 Matrix decompositions
8.4.1 L·D·U decomposition
8.4.2 Echelon form
8.4.3 Q·R decomposition
8.4.4 Diagonalization
8.6.2 Weighted least squares
8.7 Matrix exponential
8.9 Moore-Penrose inverse
Dynamical systems
9.1.1 Autonomous example
9.1.2 Non-autonomous example
9.2 General theory
9.3 Iterated maps
9.4 High order scalar diﬀerential equations
9.5 Linear systems
9.5.1 Homogeneous equations with constant A
9.5.1.1 n eigenvectors
9.5.1.2 < n eigenvectors
9.5.1.3 Summary of method
9.5.1.4 Alternative method
9.5.1.5 Fundamental matrix
9.5.2 Inhomogeneous equations
9.5.2.1 Undetermined coeﬃcients
9.5.2.2 Variation of parameters
9.6 Nonlinear equations
9.6.1 Deﬁnitions
9.6.2 Linear stability
9.6.3 Lyapunov functions
9.6.4 Hamiltonian systems
9.7 Fractals
9.7.1 Cantor set
9.7.2 Koch curve
9.7.3 Weierstrass function
9.7.4 Mandelbrot and Julia sets
9.8 Bifurcations
9.8.1 Pitchfork bifurcation
9.8.2 Transcritical bifurcation
9.8.4 Hopf bifurcation
9.9 Lorenz equations
9.9.1 Linear stability
9.9.2 Center manifold projection
10.2 Routh-Hurwitz criterion
10.3 Inﬁnite series
10.4 Asymptotic expansions
10.4.1 Expansion of integrals
10.4.2 Integration and diﬀerentiation of series
10.5 Limits and continuity
10.6 Special functions
10.6.1 Gamma function
10.6.2 Beta function
10.6.3 Riemann zeta function
10.6.4 Error function
10.6.5 Fresnel integrals
10.6.6 Sine- and cosine-integral functions
10.6.7 Elliptic integrals
10.6.8 Gauss’s hypergeometric function
10.6.9 δ distribution and Heaviside function
10.7 Singular integrals
10.8 Chain rule
10.9 Complex numbers
10.9.1 Euler’s formula
10.9.2 Polar and Cartesian representations
10.9.3 Cauchy-Riemann equations
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Algebra Lineal y Otros Temas

# Algebra Lineal y Otros Temas

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01/29/2013

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