Fourth International Conference on Statistical Sciences
May 9-11, 2008
003:GESTATIONAL DIABETES IN IRAN: INCIDENCE,RISK FACTORS AND PREGNANCY OUTCOMESBabaee Gholamreza
P. Ashkvari P.
Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch-IranEmail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM) and compare fetal, maternal and neonatal complications amongst women with GDMand pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance in an urban Iranian population. In a prospective cohort study, universal screening for gestational diabetes mellitus was performedfor 1310 pregnant women who were referred from private clinics and community health carecenters to Fatemiyeh Hospital in Shahrood City. Screening was performed with a 50-g oralGlucose Challenge Test (GCT) with 130mg/dl cut–off point, then a diagnostic 100-g OralGlucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) was done according to Carpenter and Coustan criteria. Theincidence of GDM was 4.8%. There were differences in risk factors: age>30yr, family historyof diabetes, obesity, previous macrosomia, glycosuria between the two groups (P<0.001).Women with GDM had a higher rate of stillbirth (P<0.001; odds ratio 17.1, 95% CI=4.5-65.5), hydramnios (P<0.001; odds ratio 15.5, 95% CI=4.8-50.5), gestational hypertension(P<0.001; odds ratio 6, 95% CI=2.3-15.3), macrosomia (P<0.05; odds ratio 3.2, 95% CI=1.2-8.6) and caesarean section (P<0.001). We have found that the incidence of GDM in an urbanIranian population is similar to developed countries. Complications were more common inthe GDM group than in the normal group and outcomes for women with persistent diabetes post-partum were particularly poor. We recommend screening for GDM in Iran, but further evaluation of selective screening and cost effectiveness will need to be performed. Measuresto improve the outcome of GDM pregnancy will also need to be addressed in the future.
004:ESTIMATION OF POPULATION SIZE, MEAN AND VARIANCE FROMINCOMPLETE SAMPLING FRAMEUNDER TWO-STAGE SAMPLING DESIGNBhawna Agarwal
Institute for Integrated Learning in Management, New Delhi, India. Email: email@example.com
Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat (Gujarat),India. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Estimators have been developed so far assuming that the sampling frame at hand is complete.But experience dispels this belief. In real life problems, particularly in case of large scalesurveys, mostly the frames are incomplete for various reasons. Also there are no revisingframes at short intervals. Nor it is possible to update the frames so often.Two-stage sampling design is one of the most suitable designs to estimate variouscharacteristics of the population under consideration especially in large scale surveys.