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Pump Chractaristics

Pump Chractaristics

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Published by Yousef Aqel

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Published by: Yousef Aqel on Oct 13, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/10/2011

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1.0Objectives:
To establish a set of pump characteristics, at constant and variablespeeds, using three types of pumps: positive (single cylinder double acting pump),
displacement reciprocating pump
, the
centrifugal pump (horizontal),
and the gear pump. Still we only used the reciprocating pump and thecentrifugal pump.Furthermore; to compare under identical speed conditions the performance characteristics of each pump.
2.0Theory:
The primary function of pumps is not only the transportation of fluids,nut also to add energy to the transported fluids. Different types of pumps aredesigned to process fluids under variable engineering conditions.
Calculations of pump characteristics:
Water power =
 ρ 
 gQH 
*
10
-3
(kW).Where;
o
ρ
: is the density of water (kg/m).
o
g: is the acceleration of gravity (m/s
2
).
o
Q: is the volumetric flow rate (m
3
/s).
o
H: is the head gain meter of water and equals; P/
ρ
g
*
10
-5
.
o
P: is the delivery pressure – the suction pressure (bar).
Brake power = 2
π
S
m
LR *10
-3
(kW).Where;
o
S
m
: is the motor speed (rev./s).
o
L: is the brake load (N).
o
R: is the torque arm radius = 0.15 (m).
Overall efficiency (
η
) = water power / brake power.
 
 Note that for the centrifugal pumps, the
volumetric efficiency
(
η
v
) =recorded volumetric flow rate (Q) / calculated volumetric flow rate(Q
c
).
The calculated volumetric flow rate, for the reciprocating pump, can be found as follows:Q
c
= 2nt(A-B)S
 p
*10
-6
(m
3
/s).Where;
o
n: is the number of teeth in each gear = 12.
o
t: is the axial length of the teeth = 0.0413 m.
o
A: is the area enclosed between the adjacent teeth and casting =0.00000054 m
2
.
o
B: is the area enclosed between teeth tips when they are aboutto come out of the mesh = 0.00000055 m
2
.
o
S
 p
: is the pump speed (rev./s).
3.0Calculations & Results:
Table 1; Centrifugal Pump Readings, @ 10 rev./s speed
Time (s).Mass (kg).Spring force(N).Suction pressure (bar).Delivery pressure (bar).21.005.0011.580.000.1024.005.0011.770.000.2026.005.0010.790.000.3031.505.0010.400.000.4036.005.0010.590.000.50
Table 2; Centrifugal Pump Readings, @ 15 rev./s speed
Time (s).Mass (kg).Spring force(N).Suction pressure (bar).Delivery pressure (bar).16.005.0013.730.000.4017.005.0013.830.000.5018.005.0013.930.000.6019.005.0014.320.000.7020.005.0014.520.000.80
 
Table 3; Centrifugal Pump Readings, @ 20 rev./s speed
Time (s).Mass (kg).Spring force(N).Suction pressure (bar).Delivery pressure (bar).12.005.0018.640.000.7012.505.0018.840.000.8013.005.0019.030.000.9013.505.0019.230.001.0014.005.0019.520.001.10
Table 4; Reciprocating Pump Readings, @ 15 rev./s speed
Time (s).Mass (kg).Spring force(N).Suction pressure (bar).Delivery pressure (bar).13.505.008.040.000.5014.005.008.830.001.0014.205.0010.790.002.0014.005.0014.720.003.0014.005.0018.840.004.00
Table 5; Reciprocating Pump Readings, @ various speeds.
ω
(rev./s).Time (s).Spring force(N).Suction pressure (bar).Delivery pressure (bar).10.0020.309.420.001.5012.0017.209.810.001.5014.0015.0010.010.001.5016.0013.0010.400.001.5018.0011.7010.590.001.5020.0010.5010.990.001.50
Constant speed calculations for the reciprocating pump:
Table 6; Reciprocating pump, @ speed of 15 rev./s:
Water power (kW).Brake power (kW).Overallefficiency (
η
o
).
Volumetricefficiency (m
3
/s).
Delivery pressure (bar).0.020.110.1861.730.500.040.120.3359.521.000.070.150.4758.692.00

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