To establish a set of pump characteristics, at constant and variablespeeds, using three types of pumps: positive (single cylinder double acting pump),
displacement reciprocating pump
centrifugal pump (horizontal),
and the gear pump. Still we only used the reciprocating pump and thecentrifugal pump.Furthermore; to compare under identical speed conditions the performance characteristics of each pump.
The primary function of pumps is not only the transportation of fluids,nut also to add energy to the transported fluids. Different types of pumps aredesigned to process fluids under variable engineering conditions.
Calculations of pump characteristics:
Water power =
: is the density of water (kg/m).
g: is the acceleration of gravity (m/s
Q: is the volumetric flow rate (m
H: is the head gain meter of water and equals; P/
P: is the delivery pressure – the suction pressure (bar).
Brake power = 2
: is the motor speed (rev./s).
L: is the brake load (N).
R: is the torque arm radius = 0.15 (m).
Overall efficiency (
) = water power / brake power.