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Louisiana Vegetable Planting Guide

Louisiana Vegetable Planting Guide

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Published by Michael Quartano

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Published by: Michael Quartano on Oct 16, 2010
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10/16/2010

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Vegetable Planting Guide
Louisiana 
 
Vegetable gardening is a avorite pastime ormany individuals and amilies. Homegrown vegetablesare better because they are resher and have highernutrient value since they are harvested closer totheir peak ripeness. Homegrown vegetables usuallycost less than i they were bought in the store.Gardening provides a means o exercise, recre-ation, therapy and an opportunity or many to expe-rience a closeness to nature. Statements such as “Letme show you my garden” or “I grew that,” give asense o sel-satisaction on which a monetary valuecannot be placed.Gardens may range in size rom a single pot-ted tomato plant to a large amily or truck garden.However, remember to make your garden just largeenough so that it will meet your needs but will notbecome a burden to care or.Plan ahead. Locate the garden in as sunny alocation as possible. The ruit-bearing crops, such astomatoes, peppers and squash, need ull sunlight orbest production. Too much shade results in a verydisappointed gardener because o limited produc-tion. However, the leay vegetables will tolerate moreshade than the root or ruit-bearing crops.In Louisiana, something can be planted everyday o the year, so make use o all the garden spaceyear-round. As soon as one crop is through bearing,pull it out, rework the row and plant something else.For example, ater Irish potatoes are dug in May or June, rework the row and plant peas, okra or sweetpotatoes. Successive plantings made a week or twoapart provide a means o having a continuous reshsupply o certain vegetables such as bush snap beans,peas or greens. Also, planting early, midseason andlate-maturing varieties at the same time will extendyour harvest. O course, some o these practices willbe limited by available space.This publication should be used by the vegetablegardener as a guide to a successul garden. The inor-mation contained herein has been developed aterconsiderable research and practical experience.The ollowing comments about each item mayhelp you to better understand and use this inorma-tion so that you can get the greatest benet rom it.
Planting date
 – 
 
With the spring planting, thesouthern-most parishes may use the earliest datesgiven or their rst plantings. Gardeners in centralLouisiana should plant about two weeks later thanthe earliest dates given and north Louisiana aboutour weeks later. For example, snap beans may beplanted on February 15 in New Orleans, but aroundMarch 1 in Alexandria and about March 15 in Shreve-port or Monroe area. Generally, with the springvegetables, the rst planting should be made ater thedanger o rost is over.
Seed or Plants 100 ft. of row
 – The amounto seed given here is the minimum amount requiredto plant 100 eet o row.
Depth to Plant Seed
 – This will depend uponthe seed size and soil type. Small seeded crops areplanted shallow and larger seed crops are planteddeeper. Heavy (clay) soils require a more shallowdepth o planting than do lighter (sandy) soils. I irrigation water is not available and the soil is dry,your seed may have to be planted a little deeper thannormal.
Space Between Plants
– Correct spacingbetween and within rows is important to allow orproper growth, cultivation and ecient use o space.Leaving plants spaced too close will result in poor,weak growth and lower yields. It is a common prac-tice to sow seed thickly and then thin to the properspacing.Rows are spaced 3 to 31/2 eet apart. For water-melon, pumpkin and cantaloupes, plant every otherrow.For intensive culture or ‘wide row’ gardening usethe larger ‘in row’ spacing and allow enough roombetween rows so that when the plants are mature,they will barely be touching the neighboring row.Remember that yields, quality and pest control willnormally be superior i plants are given plenty o room to grow.
Days to Harvest
-The number o days to har-vest depends on the variety selected, the seasonaltemperatures, seasonal rainall, cultural practices andwhether direct seeded or transplanted. The numbero days indicated on the chart is an average rangewhich can be expected.For the gardener who is interested in the de-tailed culture o a certain crop, gardening hints orthese crops are available rom your county agent’soce.
Louisiana Vegetable Planting Guide
 
Cultural Recommendations
CropPlanting DatesSeed/Plantsper100 ft.DepthtoPlantInchesbetweenPlantsDaystoHarvestSpringFall
Beans, Snap, Bush2/15 - 5/158/10- 9/101/2 lb.1/22-348-55Beans, Snap, Pole2/15 - 5/158/10- 8/312 oz.1/21260-66Beans, Lima, Bush3/1 - 5/308/1 - 9/11/2 lb.1/23-460-67Beans, Lima, Pole3/1 - 5/308/1 - 9/11/4 lb.1/21277-90Beets1/15 - 2/288/15 -10/13/4 oz.1/42-455-60Broccoli (Seed)1/1 - 1/317/15 - 9/11/32 oz.1/818-2470-90*Brussels Sprouts (Seed)7/15 - 9/11/32 oz.1/812-1590*Cabbage10/1 - 1/307/1 - 9/151/32 oz.1/812-1565-75*Cantaloupes3/1 - 8/11/8 oz.1/418-2480-85Carrots1/15 - 2/159/1 -11/11/4 oz.1/81-270-75Caulifower1/15 - 2/157/1 - 9/11/16 oz.1/818-2455-65*Celery (Seed)10/1 -11/11/64 oz.1/86-8210Chard, Swiss1/15 - 5/18/15 - 10/301/2 oz.1/46-845-55Chinese Cabbage1/15 - 2/157/15 - 10/11/32 oz.1/41260-80*Collards3/15 -10/11/16 oz.1/86-1275Corn, Sweet2/15 - 5/153 oz.1/210-1269-92Cucumbers3/1 - 9/11/4 oz.1/412-1850-65Eggplant (Seed)1/15 - 6/11/32 oz.1/8140Eggplant (Plants)3/15 - 7/150-60 plts.18-2480-85*Garlic10/1 -11/302 lbs.14-6210Kohlrabi1/1 - 3/308/15-10/301/16 oz.1/8655-75Lettuce1/1 - 1/318/15- 9/301/32 oz.1/84-1245-80Mustard Greens8/1 - 3/151/8 oz.1/81-235-50Okra3/1 - 8/11/2 oz.1/21260Onion, Leek (Seed)9/20 - 10/151/8 oz.1/82-4135-210Onion, Leek (Sets)12/15 - 1/30300-600 plts.12-4120-150Peanuts4/1 - 6/151/2 lb.14-8110-120Peas, English12/15 - 1/319/1 - 9/152-4 oz.1/22-360-70Peas, Southern3/1 - 8/104-6 oz.1/24-670-80Pepper, Hot (Seed)1/15 - 5/11/16 oz.1/8140Pepper, Hot (Plants)3/15 - 6/1566-100 plts.12-1870**Days rom transplant; plts. = plants

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