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Avicultura-Construcción De Una Incubadora

Avicultura-Construcción De Una Incubadora

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Hernán Pacheco Araneda on Oct 18, 2010
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10/18/2010

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Construct the incubator in the followingmanner:1. Plan to construct the incubator wellahead of time. Order the heating cableand micro-switch assembly, and thethermometer. Allow 2 weeks for delivery. Order and pick up all other supplies and equipment. Read theinstructions carefully. Plan to take 2hours to construct the incubator. Plan totake 3 or 4 hours to check out theincubator.2. Assemble all the supplies, equip-ment, and the instructions for making the incubator.3. Make a platform for the eggs andthermometer. Use the tin snips to cut the weldedwire so that it is 6 inches longer and 6 incheswider than the
inside dimensions
of the bottom of the ice chest. Cut a 3inch square out of eachcorner of the welded wire. Bend the project ingpieces so they form legs to support the wireplatform. Trim the rough edges of the legs. Cover the jagged edge with tape or turn the edge in sothat it will not puncture the surface of the chest.Install the platform and water pan. The platformshould fit loosely so that it may be easily removedfrom the incubator. In preparation for Step 4,make several marks 1
inch above
the screen onall four sides of the ice chest. Remove platform
and water 
pan before going on to Step 4.4. Protect the chest. Styrofoam has a lowmelting point. It will melt wherever ittouches the heating cable. Protect it byrunning masking tape or similar materialaround the interior of the chest and thenfastening the cable to the tape asillustrated. Place the upper strip of tapeapproximately 2-1/2 inches from the topof the incubator. Place the lower strip onthe marks made in Step 3. Place a thirdstrip halfway between the top and bottomstrips.The following equipment and suppliesare needed to convert a Styrofoam chestinto a still-air incubator:Plastic ice chests, 12" to 16" x 20" to24" x 12" to 15"1/4" welded wire, 24" x 36"Masking or Scotch tapeHeating cable and micro-switchassemblyCake tin (water pan), about 9" x 14"and 1-1/2" deep• PencilPane of glass, double strength,approximately 10" x 14"• Thermometer • Screwdriver Razor blade or knife• PliersTin snips• Ruler 
 Figure
2
Above: photo of aStyrofoam chest converted into a still-air incubator.
 
 
5. Install the micro-switch assembly (seeFigure 3). Use 4-H electrical projectrecommendations and safetyprecautions in installing the microswitchassembly. Place the microswitchassembly on one of the end walls of theincubator. The center hole (1, Figure 3)of the bracket should be approximately5-1/2 inches down from the top of theincubator, and the convenience outletbox (2) should be on the upper side of the assembly.Make three holes in the incubator so thetwo bolts (3) and the temperaturecontrol bolt (4) can be inserted throughthe incubator and the assembly. Apencil or other sharp tool can be usedto make the holes. Insert the 3/16-inchbolts from the inside, add the washers(5), and then tighten the nuts (6) untilthe assembly is held firmly to theincubator.Insert the temperature control bolt (4)with self-locking wing nut (7) throughthe incubator. Now screw the ether wafer (8) on the temperature controlbolt. Insert the plug (9) of the heatingcable into the microswitch assemblyconvenience outlet (10) nearest theincubator wall. Insert the pilot light (11)in the other convenience outlet (12).Check unit: 1. plug the lead cord (1 3) ina 110-V convenience outlet; 2. pilot lightshould glow when ether wafer is
not 
incontact with micro-switch (14); 3.heating cable should warm up when thepilot light is on (a. screw thetemperature control bolt clockwise untila click is heard and the pilot light goesout; b. screw the temperature controlbolt counterclockwise until a click isheard and the pilot light goes on). Theresistance wire should warm up whenthe pilot light is on. Remove lead cordfrom 110-volt convenience outlet.6. Install the heating cable. Tape themidpoint of the heating cable to the topstrip of tape at the end of the chestopposite the micro-switch assembly.Complete installation of the cable bytaping serpentine loops to the top andbottom strips of tape. The cable doesnot need to be fastened to the middlestrip of thetape. DO NOT PERMIT CABLE
 
LOOPS TO TOUCH EACH OTHER!Replace screen and water pan. Checkunit as described in Step 5.7. Make a window in the incubator byimbedding the pane of glass in thecover. It seems strange to install glassin an incubator for this tends to defeatthe purpose of the insulation, butbecause observation of the growingembryos and the hatching chicks is oneof the reasons for the incubationproject, the window is necessary. Placethe piece of glass on the cover so thatthe space between the edges of theglass and the edges of the cover arenearly equal. STOP! Read andunderstand the following directionsbefore proceeding. With the razor, cutaround the perimeter of the glass,penetrating the top of the plastic cover to a
depth of 
1/4
inch. Do not cut through the top.
Remove the glass anddraw a pencil line 3/4 inch inside eachof the cuts made by the razor. This is asmaller rectangle than that made by therazor cuts. Cut all the way through thecover following the pencil lines. Discardthe piece cut out of the cover.Make a line 1/4 inch from the top of thecover on each of the sides from whichthe discarded piece was cut. (Seeillustration of cross section of cover.)With a razor, cut along this line until therazor meets the earlier cut and the striplifts out. This cut will be about 3/4 inchdeep. Insert the glass in the recessedarea. Fasten the glass in place withstrips of tape. A window can be made inthe side of the ice chest using this sametechnique, but the heating cable willhave to be hung straight across andeither above or below the window.8. Provide for ventilation of the incubator.To provide proper ventilation, it isnecessary to make 16 1/4-inch holes inthe long sides of the chest. (Seeillustration.) The holes can be madewith a pencil or other sharp instrument.The plastic is soft, so proceed carefully.Make 4 holes approximately 2 inchesfrom the top and spaced 4 inchesapart. Make 4 holes approximately

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