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Table Of Contents

What Is A Control Valve?
Process Control Terminology
Sliding-Stem Control Valve Terminology
Rotary-Shaft Control Valve Terminology
Control Valve Functions and Characteristics Terminology
Other Process Control Terminology
Process Variability
DDead band
Dead Band
Actuator-Positioner Design
Valve Response Time
Valve Type And Characterization
Economic Results
Summary
Control Valves
Globe Valves
Single-Port Valve Bodies
Balanced-Plug Cage-Style Valve Bodies
High Capacity, Cage-Guided Valve Bodies
Port-Guided Single-Port Valve Bodies
Double-Ported Valve Bodies
Three-Way Valve Bodies
Rotary Valves
Butterfly Valve Bodies
V-Notch Ball Control Valve Bodies
Eccentric-Disk Control Valve Bodies
Eccentric-Plug Control Valve Bodies
Control Valve End Connections
Screwed Pipe Threads
Bolted Gasketed Flanges
Welding End Connections
Valve Body Bonnets
Extension Bonnets
Bellows Seal Bonnets
Control Valve Packing
PTFE V-Ring
Laminated and Filament Graphite
USA Regulatory Requirements for Fugitive Emissions
Characterization of Cage-Guided Valve Bodies
Characterized Valve Plugs
Valve Plug Guiding
Restricted-Capacity Control Valve Trim
Actuators
Diaphragm Actuators
Piston Actuators
Electrohydraulic Actuators
Manual Actuators
Rack and Pinion Actuators
Electric Actuators
Positioners
Other Control Valve Accessories
Limit Switches
Solenoid Valve Manifold
Supply Pressure Regulator
Pneumatic Lock-Up Systems
Fail-Safe Systems for Piston Actuators
Electro-Pneumatic Transducers
Electro-Pneumatic Valve Positioners
PC Diagnostic Software
Valve Body Materials
Designations for the High Nickel Alloys
Class Designation and PN Numbers
Wear & Galling Resistance Chart Of Material Combinations
Control Valve Seat Leakage Classifications
Class VI Maximum Seat Leakage Allowable
Typical Valve Trim Material Temperature Limits
Service Temperature Limitations for Elastomers
Ambient Temperature Corrosion Information
Fluid Compatibility
Control Valve Flow Characteristics
Flow Characteristics
Selection of Flow Characteristic
Valve Sizing
Sizing Valves for Liquids
Abbreviations and Terminology
Equation Constants(1)
Determining Fp, the Piping Geometry Factor
Determining qmax (the Maximum Flow Rate)
Determining DPmax (the Allowable Sizing Pressure Drop)
Liquid Sizing Sample Problem
Sizing Valves for Compressible Fluids
Determining xTP, the Pressure Drop Ratio Factor
Compressible Fluid Sizing Sample Problem No. 1
Compressible Fluid Sizing Sample Problem No. 2
Actuator Sizing
A. Unbalance Force
Typical Unbalance Areas of Control Valves
B. Force to Provide Seat Load
C. Packing Friction
Typical Packing Friction Values
D. Additional Forces
Actuator Force Calculations
Rotary Actuator Sizing
Torque Equations
Breakout Torque
Dynamic Torque
High Performance Butterfly Valve with Composition Seal
Maximum Rotation
Non-Destructive Test Procedures
Magnetic Particle (Surface) Examination
Liquid Penetrant (Surface) Examination
Radiographic (Volumetric) Examination
Ultrasonic (Volumetric) Examination
Cavitation and Flashing
Choked Flow Causes Flashing and Cavitation
Valve Selection for Flashing Service
Valve Selection for Cavitation Service
Noise Prediction
Aerodynamic
Hydrodynamic
Noise Control
Noise Summary
Packing Selection Guidelines for Rotary Valves
High Capacity Control Valves
Low Flow Control Valves
High-Temperature Control Valves
Cryogenic Service Valves
Customized Characteristics and Noise Abatement Trims
Control Valves for Nuclear Service in the USA
Valves Subject to Sulfide Stress Cracking
Understanding Desuperheating
Technical Aspects of Desuperheating
Self-Contained Design
Steam Atomized Design
Geometry-Assisted Wafer Design
Understanding Steam Conditioning Valves
Steam Conditioning Valve Designs
Feedforward Design
Manifold Design
Pressure-Reduction-Only Design
Understanding Turbine Bypass Systems
Turbine Bypass System Components
Turbine Bypass Water Control Valves
Electro-Hydraulic System
2. Proper storage and protection,
Proper Storage and Protection
Proper Installation Techniques
Read the Instruction Manual
Be Sure the Pipeline Is Clean
Inspect the Control Valve
Use Good Piping Practices
Control Valve Maintenance
Reactive Maintenance
Predictive Maintenance
Actuator Diaphragm
Stem Packing
Seat Rings
Grinding Metal Seats
Replacing Seat Rings
Bench Set
Control Valve Standards
American Petroleum Institute (API)
Product Approvals for Hazardous (Classified) Locations
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Standards
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standards
European and Asia/Pacific Approvals
Approval Agencies
CENELEC Approvals
Types of Protection
Flame–proof:
Increased Safety:
Non–Incendive:
Nomenclature
Hazardous Location Classification
Group
Zone
Temperature Code
IEC Temperature Codes
IEC Enclosure Rating
Comparison of Protection Techniques
Flame–proof Technique:
Advantages of this Technique
Increased Safety Technique:
Disadvantages of this Technique
Intrinsically Safe Technique:
Type n Technique:
Standard Specifications For Valve Materials
Valve Materials Properties for Pressure–Containing Components
Specific Heat Ratio (k)
Physical Constants of Various Fluids
Properties of Water
Properties of Superheated Steam
Velocity of Liquids in Pipe
Flow of Air Through Schedule 40 Steel Pipe
Calculations for Pipe Other than Schedule 40
DIN Standards
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 16
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 25
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 40
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 63
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 100
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 160
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 250
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 320
DIN Cast Steel Flange Standard for PN 400
Length Equivalents
Whole Inch–Millimeter Equivalents
Additional Fractional/Decimal Inch—Millimeter Equivalents
Area Equivalents
Volume Equivalents
Volume Rate Equivalents
Pressure Conversion—Pounds per Square Inch to Bar*
Temperature Conversion Formulas
Temperature Conversions
A.P.I. and Baumé Gravity Tables and Weight Factors
Other Useful Conversions
Metric Prefixes and Symbols
Subject Index
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Control Valve Handbook

Control Valve Handbook

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Published by Vinoth Kumar

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Published by: Vinoth Kumar on Oct 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/28/2013

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