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How to Build a Deck With Pressure Treated Lumber

How to Build a Deck With Pressure Treated Lumber

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Published by: jodyg35950 on Oct 18, 2010
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10/18/2010

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How to Build a Deck with Pressure Treated Lumber
IntroductionA deck provides a focal point for your outdoor enjoyment. Since you will probably be livingwith your design for a long time, planning is important. You must consider what you will useyour deck for, the location, any legal considerations and size.Tool and Material Checklist
y
 
L
evel and
L
ine
L
evel
y
 
Mason's
L
ine
y
 
eady-mixed Concrete, Gravel
y
 
Shovel
y
 
Structural Connectors
y
 
Adjustable Wrench
y
 
Chalk 
L
ine
y
 
8
d and 16d Galvanized Common/Box Nails
y
 
L
umber for Posts,
L
edger, Beams and Joists
y
 
ailing Material
y
 
Stain
y
 
6 mil. Black Polyethylene
y
 
Plumb Bob
y
 
2
x
2
s and 1x4s for Batter Boards
y
 
Wheelbarrow
y
 
Concrete Piers
y
 
L
ag Screws, Hex Bolts w/ Nuts and Washers
y
 
Hammer 
y
 
Measuring Tape
y
 
Screws
y
 
D
eck Boards
y
 
F
raming Square
y
 
Brushes and Thinner ProcedureOnce you have made a decision on what you will use your deck for, you can begin planning your deck. When choosing the location, consider the climate, privacy and view.WA
 NING:
L
OCA
L
ZONING O
RD
INANCES MAY
L
IMIT THE OVE
A
LL
SIZE O
F
 YOU
 
D
ECK, HEIGHT O
F
P
IVACY SC
EENS AN
D
MIIMUM
D
ISTANTANCE
FR 
OMTHE
D
EC TO YOU
 
L
OT
L
INES. CHECK TO SEE I
F
A BUI
LD
IONG PE
MIT IS
EQUI
E
D
. CA
LL
THE UTI
L
ITY COMPANIES TO
L
OCATE
L
INES AN
D
UTI
L
ITY
IGHT ± O
F
±WAYS.
 
 
1.
 
First, prepare the ground under the deck by removing the sod
.
Slope the ground awayfrom the house a minimum of 
1
every
15
for drainage
.
Once deck is finished, theground should be covered with 6 mil
.
Polyethylene to keep weeds from growing
.
 2
.
 
M
easure and mark the position of the ledger along the wall
.
The height of the ledgershould be
1
below the bottom of the door plus the thickness of the decking
.
 3
.
 
M
ount a 2x6 ledger to the wall with ½
lag screws
.
The ledger must be level, and the lagscrews should be long enough to penetrate the suds at least 3
.
Use two lag screws ateach end, one at each wall stud (typically
1
6
on center) in between
.
Install a Z
 shaped flashing above a ledger to shed water
.
 4
.
 
M
easure out from each end of the ledger about
18
beyond the outside edge of thedeck
.
Set up batter boards as shown, then run taut string from each end of the ledgerbetween batter boards
.
Square the layout by measuring opposite diagonals, and thenadjust the ledger-to-batter-board strings until both measurements are equal
.
 
5.
 
Use a plumb bob (a conical metal weight attached to a plumb string) from the string toestablish the location of the footings
.
It is a good idea to dig 6
deeper and fill thebottom of the hole with gravel to allow drainage
.
 6
.
 
M
i x concrete and pour footings
.
 
 
TIP: TO FIND THE NU
MB
ER OF 90#
BAG
S OF RE
A
DY
M
IX CONCRETE YOU
LL
NEED FORE
A
CH
1
2X
1
2 FOOTIN
G
,
M
E
A
SURE THE DEPTH OF THE FOOTIN
G
S IN INCHES
A
ND DIVIDE
B
Y
8.
 Set pre caster pour after each pour so it extends 6
above the ground
.
 7
.
 
A
fter concrete is set, stand posts on piers
.
Use temporary braces and a level to plumbthe posts
.
 
8.
 
Fasten post to beam connectors on the top of the posts with nails and ½
x
5
½
hexbolts, and then set the beams into the connector
.
Secure the beams
.
 9
.
 
M
ark the joist locations on both the beams and ledger at
1
6
.
Set joists with crown up
.
 
1
0
.
 
L
ay deck boards with bark side up, with both ends centered over a joist
.
Stagger the joints
.
Space boards
1/8.
 TIP: USE
A
 
1
6D N
A
I
L
 
B
ETWEEN
B
O
A
RDS TO SP
A
CE EVEN
L
Y
.
 
11.
 
Fasten deck boards to joists with 2 fasteners
.
 
L
et decking run over the edge, and thensaw the ends off 
.
 

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