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MEASURMENT OF VOLTAGE, CURRENT, POWER AND POWERFACTOR USING RLC LOAD
Aim:To measure power in a single phase AC circuit using wattmeter by RLCloading.APPARTUS REQUIRED:SL.No Name of the Apparatus Range / Type Quantity1 Voltmeter (0-300V) MI 1 No.2 Ammeter (0-10A) MI 1 No.3 Wattmeter 300V,10A,LPF 1 No.4 RLC Load 5kW 1 No.5 Connecting Wires 1/18 SWGAs perrequirementTHEORY:Power in an electric circuit can be measured using a wattmeter. Awattmeter consists of two coils, namely current coil and pressure coil or potentialcoil. The current coil is marked as ML and pressure coil is marked as CV. Thecurrent coil measure the quantity that is proportional to the current in the circuitthe pressure coil measures quantity that is proportional to the voltage in thecircuit. The given wattmeter is loaded by direct loading. The ammeter isconnected in series to the wattmeter. Since the same current flows in both thecoils, the current and voltage across the circuit are constant. The powerconsumed by the load is measured using the wattmeter and calculated using therelation given below.
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FORMULAE:Actual power = W x Multiplication factorWhere W – Observed wattmeter readingApparent power = VI wattsWhere V – Voltmeter readingI – Ammeter readingPower Factor, cos
= Actual Power / Apparent PowerPROCEDURE:1. Connect the circuit as shown in the circuit diagram.2. Initially no load is applied.3. Autotransformer is set to minimum voltage position before switching onthe power supply.4. Set the rated voltage by using the autotransformer. Measure and record thevalues of voltmeter, ammeter and wattmeter on no load condition. Alsocarefully note the multiplication factor of the wattmeter that is mentioned inthe wattmeter itself.5. Apply the load by adjusting RLC load.6. Measure and record the values of voltmeter, ammeter and wattmeter.7. Repeat the steps 5 and 6 until the ammeter reading reaches 10A.8. After taking all the readings, reduce the load slowly to the minimum andbring the voltage to minimum in the autotransformer. Switch off the powersupply.9. Calculated the Indicated power by the given formula.10. Calculate the power factor by the given formula.