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Ap3rdqt Japan

Ap3rdqt Japan

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Published by II-2 Saint Clare

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Published by: II-2 Saint Clare on Oct 18, 2010
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10/18/2010

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Asian History JAPAN PPT
Map of Japan - How did Japan’s geography influence its history? Japan’s location influenced its history
 Japan is a nation of islands – the four largest are called Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu andShikoku
 Japan is far enough from other countries to discourage invasion and to remain isolatedwhen it chose to shut out the outside world
It is near enough to the Asian mainland to borrow from other civilizations, especially theChinese
 Japanese culture reflects reverence for nature
 Their appreciation for nature is reflected in all aspects of their culture
 The Japanese native religion of Shintoism holds nature to be sacred
 Their love of simple, natural beauty is seen in the arts – architecture, sculpture, painting,and literature
 Yamato Period
By around 500 AD, a warrior chief ruling over the Yamato plain extended his rule overmuch of Japan
Claimed descent from the Sun Goddess, Amaterasu
His tokens of power (an iron sword, curved jewel and bronze mirror) are still symbols of the imperial family today
Shinto: “the way of the gods” – nature is sacred
Chinese influence
Prince Shotoku encouraged the spread of Chinese ways
Acceptance of Buddhism
Other influences: calendar, ways of dress and cooking, architecture, Chinese languageand script, law code, establishment of capital city
Heian Period
Capital was moved to Heian-Kyo, later renamed Kyoto
 Japanese culture developed
Literature flourished: “Tale of Genji” by Lady Murasaki (prose), tanka and haiku (forms of poetry) Japan enters the feudal age
Kamakura Shogunate
Minamoto Yoritomo became the
shogun
, or supreme general
 The emperor remained a mere figurehead in Kyoto
 The seat of government was at Kamakura, a small coastal town
 The feudal age of Japan began
Samurai warriors – most important class of people during the feudal period
Bushido
(“
way of the warrior 
”) – samurai code of conduct; stressed loyalty andindifference to pain and hardship
Suicide by
seppuku
 
or
hara-kiri 
was preferred to dishonor or surrender
Ashikaga Shogunate
Groups of samurai came to follow certain local nobles called
daimyo
(“great name”)

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