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Slide GSM.01std

Slide GSM.01std

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Published by Noilalam

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Published by: Noilalam on Oct 18, 2010
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08/12/2013

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9
Cellular Concept
Why not a large radio tower and large service area? –Number of simultaneous users would be very limited(to total number of traffic channels T) –Mobile handset would have greater power requirementCellular concept -small cells with frequency reuse –Advantages• lower power handsets• Increases system capacity with frequency reuse –Drawbacks:• Cost of cells• Handoffs between cells must be supported• Need to track user to route incoming call/message
 
10
Cellular Concept (cont)
Let T = total number of duplex channelsK cells = size of cell cluster (typically 9,12, 21)N = T/K = number of channels per cellFor a specific geographic area, if clusters are replicated M times,then total number of channels –system capacity = M
 x 
T –Choice of K determines distance between cells using thesame frequencies => termed “co-channel” cells –K depends on how much interference can be tolerated bymobile stations and path loss
 
Cell/Site concept

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