Journal of Research in Personality 41 (2007) 715–722www.elsevier.com/locate/jrp0092-6566/$ - see front matter
2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2006.06.005
Testing 1, 2, 3, ƒ4? The personality of repeatSAT test takers and their testing outcomes
Michael J. Zyphur
, Gazi Islam
, Ronald S. Landis
Department of Management and Organization, National University of Singapore, Singapore
IBMEC, Sao Paolo, Brazil
Department of Psychology, Tulane University, USA
Available online 4 August 2006
The current study considered the correlates of test retaking. In particular, the personality trait of neuroticism was proposed to be related to retaking the SAT test. Results revealed that, accountingfor initial SAT score and the other Big Five factors of personality, neuroticism predicted the numberof times an individual took the SAT before attending college. Further, the results of a latent growthmodel indicated that, for those who retook the SAT, test scores showed improvement over time.None of the Big Five predicted changes in SAT scores. Results are discussed in light of the possiblebene
ts of high levels of neuroticism for SAT score improvement.
2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Neuroticism; SAT; Reactions to selection measures; Personality; Big
Cognitive ability tests are used in organizational and academic settings for screeningapplicants and making selection decisions (Dunn, Mount, Barrick, & Ones, 1995). Due tothe “high stakes” outcomes associated with these tests, some individuals retake theseexams to improve their scores and, thus, improve their chances of being selected. Althoughthe motivation to retake these tests is somewhat self-evident, little is known about whysome people are more likely to engage in this behavior than others.