through, you see very personal and emotional comments by blackvisitors from abroad to the Castle. For you, the reaction whenfaced with damning evidence is painful. It is painful to rememberthat you were sold here like cattle but for us Africans on thecontinent, our memory of slavery is completely blank.We sold you into slavery alright but Africa as a whole was not justwaiting to be dismembered without a fight. Names of our warriornationalists, mostly Kings and Queens abound: Queen Nzingha of Angola, King Nana Kwamena Ansa of Ghana, Nehenda of Zimbabwe, Anowa of Ghana, Ashanti King Prempeh, the Jaja of Opobo, Queen Idah of Benin City, Oba Overamwen Nogbaisi of Benin City, Madam Tinubu of Lagos, Queen Amina of Zaria,Behanzin Hossu Bo Willi of Dahomey, Samory Toure of Mali,Moremi of Ile-Ife, Mohammed Ahmed the Mahdi of Sudan, Nefertitiof Nubia, Mohammed Ben Abdulla Hassen the mad Mullah of Somaliland, Chaka the Zulu and many others, gave good accountof themselves in our honour. Africans had to be beaten anddragged on board slave ships.
On slave ships, many Africans starved themselves to death, cuttheir own throats with their fingernails, threw themselvesoverboard to escape torture and slavery and quite a number of them succeeded in over powering their captors and taking overtheir slave ships as was the case with AMISTAD or Joseph Cinque,the son of a Mendi King of Sierra Leone.On Plantations, Africans continued their acts of rebellion throughsabotage at work or by running away into hardly accessibleswamps, forests and mountains to continue the fight for theirfreedom. Africans cursed their tormentors in work songs,communicated with each other, even under severe restrictions,with body language and signs, and transformed their religiousindoctrination to their advantage by replacing, for instance,‘Heaven’ with ‘Africa’ in Christian songs about the joys of Heaven.Flying away to Zion and crossing the River Jordan was translatedby slaves to mean the joyful return home to Africa through theAtlantic. Death was seen as a welcome means of returning toAfrica and with that, African slaves conquered the fear of tortureand death.Amongst the slaves, one of our wicked traits soon began to show.Slaves spied on other slaves to win a lousy cup of porridge. Theybetrayed confidence to gain small favours from their masters butour finer nature overwhelmed and produced many nationalists