ISSUES IN DEMOGRAPHY : rural and urban population, sex ratio, etc.
Related Information: India Demographics
Scientific study of human population, their size, their structure, their development is regardedas Demography. According to Van Mayer, sociologist, Demography can be defined as 'thenumerical analysis of the state and movement of human population inclusive of censusenumeration and registration of vital processes and of whatever quantitative statistical analysiscan be made of the state and movement of population on the fundamental census andregistration data'.
Census is the process of collecting, compiling, evaluating analyzing and publishingdemographic, social and economic data pertaining to specific point of time to all persons in acountry. This process was first of all started by British in 1871, since then it is conducted every10 years. The last census in India was conducted in 2001. A broad questionnaire is prepared for it which generally consists of mainly three parts; The House List, The Household Schedule andThe Individual Slip
India, land of unity in diversity, is situated roughly between 8 n and 37n latitude. This vast landoccupying 2.4% of total area of world, is the second largest nation in terms of population size.India has population of 1.1 billion, which is 16% of total world population. With current rate of population growth(2.11% appx) India will soon replace China as a most populous nation of theworld. According to the Census conducted in 2001, India had total population of 1,028,610,328out of which population of males was 532,156,772 as against 496,453,556 number of femaleswith overall sex ratio of 933 i.e. 933 females per 1000 males.
Population Growth Trend In India, 1901-1991CENSUS YEARPOPULATION (inmillions)ABSOLUTECHANGE (inmillions)AVERAGE ANNUALEXPONENTIALGROWTH RATE
1891236.7 1901238.41.69 1911252.0914.70.561921251.32-6.77-0.031931278.9827.661.041941318.6636.681.331951361.0942.431.25http://www.mbatutes.com