Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Ratings: (0)|Views: 112 |Likes:
Published by Anuj Khurana
Affordable Total knee replacement surgery at Mumbai, India.
Affordable Total knee replacement surgery at Mumbai, India.

More info:

Published by: Anuj Khurana on Oct 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/12/2014

pdf

text

original

 
10/19/2010www.prime-knee-replacement.com| Dr. Kshitij Shah
P
RIME
S
PECIALTY
H
OSPITAL
 
E
VERYTHING YOU MAY LIKE TO KNOW ABOUT
K
NEE REPLACEMENT
S
URGERY
 –
A PATIENTSGUIDE
.
 
INTRODUCTION:
The knee joint is among the strongest largestand most complex joints of the body.Whenever you walk, sit, turn around, drive orperform many seemingly simple movements,you are depending on the knee for supportand mobility It is the largest joint in thehuman body and also bears the full weight of the body. On an average a 70 kg human willexert about 210 kg of force on the kneeduring sports such as football, basketball and,of course, running.You know its importance once your kneestarts to become painful, stiff and youractivities are also restricted. At that time yourealize what the freedom of movement meansto you.This booklet provides information regardingtotal knee replacement surgery. The surgicalprocedures, pre-operative and post- operativecare, the risks and benefits of surgery, as wellas rehabilitation program after surgery.Please read and discuss this booklet with yourfamily before your total knee replacementsurgery. At Prime Speciality Hospital the
Orthopaedic Staff’s
goals are to restore yourknee to a painless, functional status, and tomake your hospital stay as beneficial,informative and comfortable as possible.Here we use the most advanced and latesttechniques to replace the knee joint with anartificial one that relieves pain, allows you tostrengthen your legs, corrects the legdeformity (legs become straight) andimproves the quality of life.
HOW OUR KNEE JOINT FUNCTIONS
The knee is a complex joint, which is made upof the lower end of femur (the thigh bone),and the upper end of tibia (the leg bone).Thefemoral condyles usually glides smoothly onthe tibia plateau, allowing for smooth,painless motion of the lower limb.For a knee to function normally, the quality of smoothness where each bone moves uponthe other becomes important in the functionof the knee joint. The surfaces of all threebones coming into contact with each otherare normally covered with a smooth glidingsurface known as articular cartilage, a smoothsubstance that cushions the bones andenables them to move easily.The knee joint is a hinge joint. It consists of three bones:
 
Thigh bone (Femur)
 
Leg bone (Tibia)
 
Knee cap (Patella)All remaining surfaces of the knee are coveredby a thin, smooth tissue liner called thesynovial membrane. This membrane releasesa special fluid that lubricates the knee whichreduces friction to nearly zero in a healthyknee.Normally, all of these components work inharmony. But disease or injury can disrupt thisharmony, resulting in pain, muscle weakness,and decreases functions of the knee.
 
COMMON CAUSES OF KNEE PAIN AND LOSS OF KNEE FUNCTION
The most common cause of chronic knee painand disability is arthritis; of whichOsteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, andarthritis following injuries are the mostcommon forms.
Osteoarthritis
usually occurs after the age of 50 and often in an individual with a familyhistory of arthritis. The cartilage that cushionsthe bones of the knee softens and wearsaway. The bones then rub against oneanother causing knee pain and stiffness.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
is a disease in which thesynovial membrane becomes thickened andinflamed, producing too much synovial fluid,which over-fills the joint space. This chronicinflammation damages the cartilage andeventually causes cartilage loss, pain andstiffness.
Post Traumatic Arthritis
can follow a seriousknee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears of 
the knee’s ligaments may damage
thearticular cartilage over time, causing kneepain and limiting knee function.
IS TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENTFOR YOU?
Are you experiencing any of the following ?
 
Severe knee pain that limits youreveryday activities, including walking,going up and down stairs, and gettingin and out of chairs. You may find ithard to walk more than a few blockswithout significant pain and you mayneed to use a cane or walker.
 
Moderate or severe knee pain whileresting, during the day or night.
 
Failure to obtain pain relief fromdrugs. Their effectiveness incontrolling knee pain varies greatlyfrom person to person. These drugsmay become less effective forpatients with severe arthritis and mayalso have serious side effects withprolonged use.In summary, in the early stages when thearthritis is mild to moderate, pain is relievedby conservative means like physiotherapy,medications or injection etc. In the advancedstage however when the pain is severe andmedication etc
don’t relieve the pain anymore
 and your daily activities become veryrestricted, you need the operation of totalknee replacement.
BENEFITS OF KNEE JOINTREPLACEMENT
Your Orthopaedic surgeon is the right personto decide for the surgery. After undergoingthe surgery, you will reap the benefits of thesurgery.These include:
 
Relief from joint pain
 
Increased mobility
 
Correction of deformity (straightlegs)
 
Increased leg strength (if youexercise)
 
Improved quality of life ability toreturn to normal activities.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->