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08/28/2013

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EEE233S MODULE C: TUTORIAL QUESTIONS ON DC MACHINES:These questions relate to the following sections in PC Sen: 4.1, 4.2, 4.3.1 and4.4.1.1)Explain the two electromagnetic phenomena that are present simultaneously in electrical machines and which are fundamental to the energy conversion process?[2]2)Express the two electromagnetic phenomena mathematically.[2]3)Explain how the direction of the voltage induced across a conductor moving through a magnetic field, is determined by the right-hand screw rule.[2]4)Explain how the direction of the force acting on a current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic field, is determined by the right-hand screw rule.[2]5)Outline the main structural features of a dc machine.[3]6)Draw airgap flux density in a DC machine and the actual voltage inducedin a coil on the rotor of this machine, when it is rotating.[2]7)Draw airgap flux density in a DC machine, the actual voltage induced ina coil on the rotor when it is rotating and the voltage induced in this coil asmeasured across the brushes of the machine.[2]8)Explain how torque is developed in a DC motor.[2]9)The armature winding of a DC machine has 256 turns in total. The windingis formed by connecting 4 coils in series, and each coil is accommodated in 2 slots on the rotor of the machine. Determine the total number of conductors accommodated in a rotor slot of the machine. [3]10)Draw the electrical equivalent coil representations of a Lap and Wave winding in a â
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pole DC machine. Show the armature and coil currents on your diagrams.ite expressions for the number of parallel paths, and the armature current in terms of the coil current for each winding configurations.[5]11)Derive an expression for the voltage induced in the armature winding ofa DC machine.[5]12)Derive an expression for the torque developed by a DC machine.[5]13)Draw the magnetic equivalent circuit of a DC machine.[5]14)With reference to the magnetic circuit of a DC machine, how will the flux per pole change if the airgap length is increased, whilst the field excitationremains constant? Explain why.[2]

15)Plot flux-mmf characteristic of a DC machine and explain its shape.[3]16)Plot graphs of the induced armature voltage (Ea) vs. the field current (If) for a DC machine operating at rated speed. Explain the shape of your graph.How would your graph change when the machine operates at Â½ of is rated speed?[4]17)Draw four interconnections of the field and armature circuits of a DC machine to achieve different machine configurations. Name each of the configurations.[12]18)Draw the armature voltage vs. current characteristic of an ideal separately excited DC generator. (Ideal => neglect armature reaction).[2]19)What effect does armature reaction have on a DC generator?[2]20)Explain the armature reaction phenomenon present in DC machines.[5]21)Draw the power flow diagram of a shunt DC machine operating in generatormode. Label all the power components in your diagram.[5]22)Draw the power flow diagram of a shunt DC machine operating in motor mode. Label all the power components in your diagram.[5]23)Derive an expression for the torque versus speed characteristic of a separately excited DC motor.[4]24)Draw the torque versus speed characteristic of a separately excited DC motor. What is the relevance of this characteristic to the load torque on the shaft of the motor?[6]25)Show how the torque versus speed characteristic of a separately excitedDC motor changes with armature voltage. Label your diagram fully.[3]26)Show how the torque versus speed characteristic of a separately excitedDC motor changes with field excitation. Label your diagram fully.[3]27)Show how the torque versus speed characteristic of a separately excitedDC motor changes with armature resistance. Label your diagram fully.[3]Problems set (PC-SEN)4.1