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The Role of Information Technology in Management

The Role of Information Technology in Management

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Published by: amnseven on Oct 19, 2010
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 Managing Organisation
19.The Role Of Information Technology In Management
EDBM5
- 1
Introduction:
No invention has ever influenced the human beings as computer has. In less than seven decades of its existence it has managed, materializing the Concept of a global village. Technologies likeComputational Intelligence, Neural Networks, Genetic Algorithms, Data Communication &Networks, Telecommunication, Databases, and Evolutionary Computing etc.Collectively offer the business community a broad set of tools capable of addressing problems thatare much harder or virtually impossible to solve using the more traditional techniques fromstatistics to operations research.Country running and putting it on the track of the development is very complex task and might
require the decisions making on the basis of the country‟s past experience and pre
sent situationwhich is obviously available in the form data.
Today‟s best technology to manage and process data is the Information technology. IT must be seen
as an investment and not an expense. IT is laying a vital and expanding role in business.IT helps the manager to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their business processes,managerial decision making, and workgroup collaboration, thus helping the managers to strengthenthe positions of their company in a Rapidly changing environment. IT has become a necessaryingredient for
Managers to succeed in today‟s dynamic global environment.
 
Definition
Information Technology (IT) was described by
Chaffey and Wood as ‘technology resources used  for business information management’’ 
. These resources include software, hardware andtelecommunication networks used for managing information.
 According to Benemati et al.,IT is changing rapidly and considering the increasing strategicimpact of IT on business operations, its successful management is of utmost importance
.
 Irani and  Love suggested that for IT 
 
management to be successful, it must be perceived as an iterativebusiness process capable of providing organisational learning throughout the lifecycle of thetechnology
. However, even when IT is managed successfully, the question arises, as to what role ITplays in the achievement of organisational strategic goals and objectivesIn response to this question, Venkatraman et al and Franz and Klepper postulated that the properrole of IT in an organisation is usually epitomised as a fit or alignment with the strategic goals of the organisation. Therefore, IT can only be appropriately aligned when infrastructure put in place to
implement the IT strategy is adequate; the strategy supports the organisation‟s str 
ategy and businessprocesses.
 
 Managing Organisation
19.The Role Of Information Technology In Management
EDBM5
- 2
Concepts Information System And Technologies in Business
WHY INFORMATION SYSTEMS ARE IMPORTANT
An understanding of the effective and responsible use and management of information systems isimportant for managers and othe
r business knowledge workers in today‟s global information
society. Information systems and technologies have become a vital component of successfulbusinesses and organizations. Information systems constitute an essential field of study in businessadministration and management, as they are considered a major functional area in businessoperations.
 An IS Framework for Business Professionals: Figure 1.2
Foundations of Information Systems and Technologies in Business
Managers or business professionals are not required to know the complex technologies, abstractbehavioral concepts, or the specialized applications involved in the field of information systems.
Figure 1.2
illustrates a useful conceptual framework that outlines what a manager or businessprofessional needs to know about information systems. It emphasizes five areas of knowledge:· Foundation Concepts· Information Technologies· Business Applications· Development Processes· Management Challenges
Foundations of Information Systems and Technologies in Business
 
 Managing Organisation
19.The Role Of Information Technology In Management
EDBM5
- 3
What is an Information System?
An
information system
(IS) can be any organized combination of people, hardware, software,communications networks, and data resources that collect, transforms, and disseminate informationin an organization.
 Information Technologies:
Business professionals rely on many types of information systems thatuse a variety of information technologies.
For example:Types of IS
- Manual (paper-and-pencil) information systems
 
Informal (word-of-mouth) information systems
 
Formal (written procedures) information systems
 
Computer-based information systemsComputer-based
information systems
(IS)
use hardware, software, the Internet, and othertelecommunications networks, computer-based data resource management techniques, and otherforms of 
information technologies (IT)
to transform data resources into a variety of informationproducts for consumers and business professionals.

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