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31.Capacitor

31.Capacitor

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: xellosthetechman on Oct 19, 2010
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09/19/2013

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31.1
CHAPTER – 31
CAPACITOR
1.Given thatNumber of electron = 1 × 10
12
Net charge Q = 1 × 10
12
× 1.6 × 10
 –19
= 1.6 × 10
 –7
C
The net potential difference = 10 L.
Capacitance –C =
vq
=
10106.1
7
= 1.6 × 10
 –8
F.2.A =
2
= 25
cm
2
d = 0.1 cmc =dA
0
=
1.014.32510854.8
12
= 6.95 × 10
 –5
F.3.Let the radius of the disc = R
Area =
R
2
C = 1
D = 1 mm = 10
 –3
m
C =dA
0
1 =
3212
101085.8
2
=
85.81010
123
=
784.2710
9
= 5998.5 m = 6 Km4.A = 25 cm
2
= 2.5 × 10
 –3
cm
2
d = 1 mm = 0.01 mV = 6V Q = ?C =
dA
0
=
01.0105.210854.8
312
Q = CV =
01.0105.210854.8
312
× 6 = 1.32810 × 10
 –10
CW = Q × V = 1.32810 × 10
 –10
× 6 = 8 × 10
 –10
J.5.Plate area A = 25 cm
2
= 2.5 × 10
 –3
mSeparation d = 2 mm = 2 × 10
 –3
mPotential v = 12 v(a)We know C =
dA
0
=
3312
102105.21085.8
= 11.06 ×10
 –12
FC =
vq
11.06 ×10
 –12
=
12q
q
1
= 1.32 × 10
 –10
C.(b) Then d = decreased to 1 mm
d = 1 mm = 1 × 10
 –3
mC =dA
0
=vq=
3312
101105.21085.8
=122
q
2
= 8.85 × 2.5 × 12 × 10
 –12
= 2.65 × 10
 –10
C.
The extra charge given to plate = (2.65 –1.32) × 10
 –10
= 1.33 × 10
 –10
C.6.C
1
= 2
F,C
2
= 4
F ,C
3
= 6
FV = 12 Vcq = C
1
+ C
2
+ C
3
= 2 + 4 + 6 = 12
F = 12 × 10
 –6
Fq
1
= 12 × 2 = 24
C, q
2
= 12 × 4 = 48
C, q
3
= 12 × 6 = 72
C
5 cm
0.1 cm1 mm
C
1
VC
2
C
3
 
Capacitor 
31.2
7.
The equivalent capacity.C =
213132 321
CCCCCC CCC
=
302040204030 403020
=
260024000
= 9.23
F(a) Let Equivalent charge at the capacitor = qC =
Vq
q = C × V = 9.23 × 12 = 110
C on each.As this is a series combination, the charge on each capacitor is same as the equivalent chargewhich is 110
C.
(b)Letthe work done by the battery = W
V =
qW
W = Vq = 110 × 12 × 10
 –6
= 1.33 × 10
 –3
J.8.C
1
= 8
F,C
2
= 4
F , C
3
= 4
FCeq =
321132
CCCC)CC(
=1688
= 4
FSince B & C are parallel & are in series with ASo, q
1
= 8 × 6 = 48
Cq
2
= 4 × 6 = 24
Cq3 = 4 × 6 = 24
C9.(a)
C
1
, C
1
are series & C
2
, C
2
are series as the V is same at p & q. So no current pass through p & q.
21
C1C1C1
21
CC11C1
C
p
=
2C
1
=
24
= 2
FAnd C
q
=2C
2
=26= 3
F
C = C
p
+ C
q
= 2 + 3 = 5
F(b) C
1
= 4
F,C
2
= 6
F,In case of p & q, q = 0
C
p
=2C
1
=24= 2
FC
q
=
2C
2
=
26
= 3
F& C
= 2 + 3 = 5
FC & C
= 5
F
The equation of capacitor C = C
+ C

= 5 + 5 = 10
F
12 V8
F
A4
F
BC4
F
ABC
1
C
2
C
1
C
2
C
1
= 4C
2
= 6ApBC
1
C
1
C
1
C
1
qRSC
2
C
2
C
2
C
2
30
F
V = 12 V40
F
20
F
 
Capacitor 
31.3
10.V = 10 vCeq = C
1
+C
2
[
They are parallel]= 5 + 6 = 11
Fq = CV = 11 × 10 110
C
11.The capacitance of the outer sphere = 2.2
FC = 2.2
FPotential, V = 10 vLet the charge given to individual cylinder = q.C =Vq
q = CV = 2.2 × 10 = 22
F
The total charge given to the inner cylinder = 22 + 22 = 44
F12.C =
Vq
, Now V =
RKq
So, C
1
=
1
R/Kqq
=KR
1
= 4

0
R
1
Similarly c
2
= 4

0
R
2
The combination is necessarily parallel.Hence Ceq = 4

0
R
1
+4

0
R
2
= 4

0
(R
1
+ R
2
)13.
C = 2
F
In this system the capacitance are arranged in series. Then the capacitance is parallel to each other.(a)
The equation of capacitance in one rowC =3C(b) and three capacitance of capacity
3C
are connected in parallel
The equation ofcapacitanceC =3C3C3C
= C = 2
FAs the volt capacitance on each row are same and the individual is=
cetancapaciof .No Total
=
360
= 20 V14.Let there are ‘x’ no of capacitors in series ie in a rowSo, x × 50 = 200
x = 4 capacitors.Effective capacitance in a row=
410
Now, let there are ‘y’ such rows,So,410× y = 10
y = 4 capacitor.So, the combinations of four rows each of 4 capacitors.
6
F
B5
F
 
10 VAA5B6CABCCCCCCCC

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