Parados (Opening Song)
The brothers Polyneices and Eteocles killed one another in a battle for control over the city of Thebes.Creon now rules the city, and he has ordered that Polyneices, who brought a foreign army againstThebes, would not be buried. In the Prologue we saw Ismene and Antigone (sisters of Eteocles andPolyneices) discussing Creon’s decree. Antigone expressed her intention to go against the decree and to bury her brother; Ismene said she would be too afraid to do anything other than obey the decree. ThePrologue is followed by a parados, or opening song, sung by the chorus. In this parados, the chorus useshighly poetic language to describe the battle and to denounce Polyneices.1. What martial (war-related) terms does the chorus use in reference to the sun (see lines 1-7)?2. In lines 8-13, the choragus (chorusleader) refers to Antigone’s brother,Polyneices. To what wild bird does thechoragus compare Polyneices? How dowe know that this comparison is notmeant to be complimentary toPolyneices?3. What words does the chorus use in lines 14-20 that demonstrate the chorus’s belief that Polyneiceswas hungry for bloodshed?
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