outwoids away from a subject. Thespeed of a camera movement (whichcan range fram very fast to very slow)can dramatically aller its effect.
MOVING FROM ONESHOT TO ANOTHER
C^-Ut is the ending of
shot. If thecut is a jerky movement that seemsa little inconsistent with the nextshot, it is called
Fade In or Out
that appears or disappears gradually. Itbrightens to full-strength over a full second,or darkens to fade out. The fade is oftenused
a division between scenes.
:urs when one miagefades in while another fades out so that fora few seconds the two are superimposei
is an image that starts
the scene. Sometimes this inpoint isused to smooth the transition betweenscenes and make a visual link (arelated object or shape) with the
of the previous she
filming a shot, a decision is made
at which the
I directed at
subiect;this influences the viewer's impression
A character filmed from a
will seem strong, powerful,
etc.; in contrast, if
is used the subject will appear weak,insignificant, vulnerable, or small. Theviewer's impression of a structure or objectcan be manipulated in a similar way.
may be used
to make a scene more frightening, or tomoke the viewer feel anxious or seasick.
the camera moves up and away,is often used to end films.Ld
is the process of assemblingand splicing together the various shots thatcomprise a
Underlying the editingprocess is a technique that can be called
in which a story is built up by
alternating one set of shots with another.• To depict a conversation orconfrontation between two charactersthe shots alternate from one tothe other; angles may be used tosuggest inferiority or superiority.• Shots of a character alternate with shotsof what the character sees. The first shotof the character is the point of view.• In cross-cutting,
sequence of shotsalternates between two different locations(for exomple, the townspeople yellingin dismay while the defense attorneyapproaches town on the train). Thesequence builds to
climax and endswith the two things coming together.
Editing Speed (ortempo) of
particular sequence can involve fast
also known as fast cutting, inwhich the shots are one to two seconds
Fast editing generates excitementand anticipation as, for example, in
emotional courtroom scene. In slow
shots ore three to ten seconds
These lingering shots hove theopposite effect of the fast edit, and calmand relax the viewer. An example of theslow edit is when the star-crossed loverspause and reveal: feelings.
is a slightly blurred sho
to moke the subject seem more attractiveromantic, nostalgic, or dieamlike.When a
is chosen, the tripod and dolly aredeliberately abandoned. The directorwants to create a sense of anxiety or
recreating the chaos of realhuman life. A typical held shot follows
and the shot implies danger.iting togetherof 0 large number of shots with nointention to create a continuous reality.A montage is often used to compresstime because numerous events orechronicled in fast succession. Soundor narration con enhance montages'cohesion to setting and characterization.Volume 38, No. 4 | March/April 2010 19