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Published by Sam Vuppal

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Sam Vuppal on Oct 20, 2010
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Servers 101
Many small and medium-size businesses (SMBs) often outgrow simple sharing of resources withnetworked PCs but don't know when or how to upgrade to a more robust system. In this class, you'lldetermine if your business is ready for a client/server network. You'll also learn how to select andconfigure a variety of servers to provide file and print, database, email and web services.
Why do you need a server?1.This lesson will introduce you to client/server networks and cover thecomponents: workstations, servers and network operating systems. You'll takea look at retail and open source operating systems and learn which servers arepopular with SMBs and why.Selecting a server 2.In this lesson, you'll learn how to determine which software, hardware andbackup solutions meet your needs, and how to make smart purchasingdecisions. This lesson will focus on hardware by HP and operating systems byMicrosoft®.Configuring file and print sharing3.File and print sharing is the most common server role in most organizations. Inthis lesson, you'll learn how to configure a file and print server. You'll alsounderstand the benefits of having a file and print server on your businessnetwork.Configuring a database server 4.In this lesson, you'll learn what a database is, and why you need a server tohost a database on your network. You'll also learn how to configure a databaseserver and understand the benefits of managing a database server in your owncompany.Configuring an email server 5.This lesson describes how various email servers interact to send and receiveemail. You'll learn how to select an email application for your business,configure an email server and secure the system you put in place.Configuring a web server 6.Websites are an essential part of doing business today; some companieswouldn't exist without them. In this lesson, you'll learn what a web server is, howit works, how to configure one and how it can benefit your company.
Why do you need a server?
This lesson will introduce you to client/server networks and cover the components: workstations, servers andnetwork operating systems. You'll take a look at retail and open source operating systems and learn whichservers are popular with SMBs and why. 
This class is a beginner's guide to small and medium-size business (SMB)server systems. You start by learning about network server hardware, softwareand peripherals in general terms. Later lessons focus on specific features thatfit within a small business.Throughout this class, we provide Flash examples. To view theseexamples, you need the Adobe Flash Player 
. Keep an eye out for noteswith links that say "See how to ____" or something similar. Some of thesefiles may be very large and could take a while to appear or download if youhave a slow connection.»HP ProLiant rack servers
 As the class progresses, you learn the typical roles of a dedicated server in anSMB environment: file and print servers, email servers, database servers andweb servers. If you want to know more about server functions after completingthis class, you should continue to research more in-depth materials, such asthose found on theHP Small & Medium Businesswebsite. This class is a firststep into the world of client-server networks, and how they can benefit a smallbusiness environment.This class is geared toward SMB owners and technical staff in charge of business server systems and information technology management.Here's what to expect in the lessons:Lesson 1: Introduces the basics of client-server computing and gives you anoverview of workstations, servers and network operating systems. You alsolearn the differences between Microsoft Windows and Linux networkoperating systems.Lesson 2: Explains how to determine which software, hardware and backupsolutions meet your needs and how to make smart purchasing decisions.This lesson focuses on server hardware and the Windows and Linuxoperating systems.Lesson 3: Covers the basics of file and print sharing. You learn how toconfigure a file and print server, and see the benefits of having this type of server on your business network.Lesson 4: Focuses on databases. You learn what a database is and why youneed a server to host one on your network. You also learn how to configurea database server and understand the benefits of managing a databaseserver in your company.Lesson 5: Describes how email servers interact to send and receive email.You learn how to select an email application for your business, configure anemail server and secure the system you put in place.Lesson 6: Walks you through web servers. You learn what a web server is,how it works, how to configure one and how it can benefit your company.Each lesson is accompanied by an assignment and a short quiz, which helpyou put your skills into practice and reinforce what you're learning.Now it's time to get started with the topics in Lesson 1. 
Introduction to networks
 A server is a combination of computer hardware and an operating system (OS)that provides resources for other users on the network. Servers vary inappearance: some look exactly like desktop computers whereas others aredesigned to be mounted in special racks in protected areas called the server closet, network room or server room. Because of its central role on a network,you should regularly back up important data or information on a server andstore backups in a safe place.Having all important business information saved in a single location makesdata recovery easier. And backing up a single server is less of a chore thanbacking up every computer on the network. You'll learn more aboutbackups in Lesson 2. A client is a personal computer or device—a desktop, notebook PC or personaldigital assistant (PDA), for example—that can communicate on a network andrun applications, such as Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint. Desktop andnotebook computers are also sometimes known as workstations. Each clientgenerally contains installed applications and requests access to sharedresources, includin data, from the server. On some networks, administrators
Ethernet cables
 A commonly used Ethernetcable is the CAT 5 cable. Ithas an RJ-45 connector,which looks like a telephone jack but is slightly larger, atboth ends. One end of thecable connects to theworkstation's NIC, and theother end connects to or terminates at a port on a hubor switch.
allow users to store data on their client hard disks. Anything stored on a clientis referred to as being "locally" stored.
Client-server networks
Servers and clients are connected via wireless network interface cards (NICs),or Ethernet cables and NICs, with all communications flowing through a centralnetworking device, such as a hub, router or switch. This forms a client-server network, as shown in Figure 1-1. You can use wireless NICs and routers tosupplement or replace cabled environments. Some organizations now usecompletely wireless networks due to the desire of users to travel freely aroundthe office and the construction costs required to install a wired network. Inthese cases, the server is still connected to the network by a wired connectionbecause of the higher speeds possible on a wired network.Most PCs today have a wired NIC and wireless capabilities integrated intothe system.Figure 1-1: A basic client-server network with cabled and wirelesscomponents.Enlarge imageThe router is a necessary device that connects the internal network to theoutside world; a switch is optional equipment used to improve the efficiencyand security of larger networks (usually those containing 10 or more systems). A network cable connects the server to the switch or router. If you need toconnect a lot of computers, network printers and other network devices, youcan stack several switches in a specialized equipment rack so that enoughswitch ports are available for all required connections. After you configure theserver for sharing and assign the same Internet Protocol (IP) address andsubnet mask as the rest of the LAN, the server can access and be accessed bythe rest of the network.On most networks, the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) server dynamically assigns IP addresses. Dynamic addressing allows large numbersof clients to receive IP address assignments from a server automatically whenthey log on to the network. You must manually configure certain devices, suchas servers, routers, switches and network printers, with static (unchanging) IPaddresses, because static IP addresses make finding these devices on anetwork faster and easier.
Cabled networks with more than 10 to 15 computers should use switchesbecause of the distance and traffic limitations of Ethernet communications.»HP ProLiant tower servers

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