-Readily adopted renaissance spiritRich individuals sponsored artists and works of art-To glorify themselves and their familiesRenaissance culture was-That of a small, urban business eliteAccording to Machiavelli, the sole test of "good" government was whether it-Was effectiveWhich of the following describes a major difference between northern humanists and Italian humanists?-Both looked to classical sources, but northern humanists also emphasized Christian sources
Define and Explain
Johann Guttenburg: created the printing press in Mainz (1512). The invention of the printing pressallowed many more copies of books to be spread around, such as the bible. More people began readingand sharing ideas, those who read the bible started interpreting it differently, aiding in the start of theReformation. Archbishop Albert and John Tetzel: Pope Leo X wanted to finish building St. Peter’s Cathedral, butneeded money. He allowed Albert to become archbishop if he sold indulgences. He hired Friar JohnTetzel to sell indulgences for him, this bothered Martin Luther, for he believed that indulgences should notbe sold as a way to heaven instead of doing penance, so he wrote “95 Theses” on the subject of indulgences. John Calvin and Predestination: creator of Calvinism believed that God predestined all people to heavenor hell, no one could change this. Their behavior while on Earth would be the best marker to tell wherethey might be predestined, but it was still unsure. Calvinism was later adopted in Geneva, Switzerland,France (Huguenots), Netherlands, Poland, Hungary, and Scotland (courtesy of John Knox). Peace of Augsburg: A treaty between German princes allowing them to decide what religion their citizenswould follow. This let princes choose their desired religion. Northern princes were mostly protestant andsouthern princes were mostly catholic. Treaty resulted in increased fragmentation.