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Sports Drinks

Sports Drinks

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Published by James Green

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Published by: James Green on Oct 20, 2010
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10/20/2010

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SPORTS DRINKSDifferent types of sports drinks
y
 
Isotonic sports drinks contain approximately the same level of salts andsugars as the body.
y
 
H
ypertonic sports drinks contain higher levels of salts and sugars than thebody.
y
 
H
ypotonic sports drinks contain lower levels of salts and sugars than thebody.Most sports drinks are moderately isotonic, being 4 to 8% carbohydrate.
H
ypertonic drinks are more than 8% carbohydrate and hypotonic drinks arebetween 2 and 4% carbohydrate.
H
ypotonic sports drinks should be drunk at thebeginning of exercise, so the body has spare water. During exercise isotonic drinksshould be drunk to maintain the equilibrium and after exercise hypertonic drinksshould be drunk to replace salts and sugars lost. What do sports drinks contain?ElectrolytesElectrolytes serve three general functions in the body:
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Many are essential minerals
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 The control water osmosis
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 They maintain acid-base balance required for normal cellular activitiesOf these functions, possibly the most important for athletes or other sportspeopleis the control of water osmosis, which controls the amount of water in cells.Perspiration often contains the following electrolytes: Sodium, Potassium, Calcium,Magnesium, Chlorides, Bicarbonates, Phosphates and Sulphates.GlucoseCarbohydrates are stored in the liver or muscles as glucose and are the mostefficient source of energy. During exercise, carbohydrates can be depleted at a rateof 3-4 grams a minute. If this is sustained for around two hours then the body·sstores of carbohydrates will be exhausted. Glucose in sports drinks thus helpsrestore glucose levels in the body and, therefore, increase energy productionCaffeineCaffeine is not often put in sports drinks as, though it releases energy, after the so-called ¶buzz· energy levels return to lower than they were than prior to theconsumption of caffeine. Other side-effects can include dizziness, drowsiness,increased thirst and increased urination. Of the major sports drinks, only Lucozade
 
contains caffeine. The other major group of drinks which contain caffeine areenergy drinks, which are completely different things. A comparison of glucose and carbohydrate levels in three sports drinksSports drinks or water? Water is essential to hydration; however it does not provide any sugars forrespiration or electrolytes. Sports drinks are required to replenish electrolytes andprovide sugars. So, if the primary aim is hydration then water is sufficient, howeverif sugars and electrolytes are to be replaced then a sports drink would be necessary.Should sports drinks be used in everyday exercise? While sports drinks have electrolytes that are beneficial to professional athletes,they are actually of little value to the user. According to Keith-Thomas Ayoob of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, NY, if you are exercising and not actually a professional athlete then water is the best choice. The Sports Drinks Industry Sports drinks are now a massive industry, generating around $6 billion in profits ayear. The trend began in the 1960·s, with the introduction of Gatorade following a
 
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PoweradeGatoradeLucozade Sport
Glucose Levels in 8 fl. oz.Carbohydrate Levels in 8 fl. Oz.

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