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Published by Ayesha Siddiqua

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Published by: Ayesha Siddiqua on Oct 20, 2010
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10/20/2010

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INTRODUCTION
For the last few years, we've witnessed a great expansion of remotecontrol devices in our day-to-day life. Five years ago, infrared (IR)remotes for the television were the only such devices in our homes.Why so many remotes? Right now, the more remotely controlled deviceswe install in our homes, the more remotes we accumulate. Devices suchas TVs, garage door openers, and light and fan controls predominantlysupport one-way, point-to- point control. They're not interchangeableand they don't support more than one device. Because most remotelycontrolled devices are proprietary and not standardized amongmanufacturers, even those remotes used for the same function. In otherwords, you'll have as many separate remote control units as you havedevices to control.Some modern IR remotes enable you to control multiple devices by"learning" transmitting codes. But because the range for IR control islimited by line of sight, they're used predominantly for homeentertainment control.A HAN can solve both problems because it doesn't need line-of-sightcommunication and because a single remote (or other type of controlunit) can command many devices. In the last few years, new wirelesslocal area networks (WLANs) such as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth becameavailable. Table 1 shows the strengths and applications of these differentsystems. Wireless cameras for remote monitoring are an example of howto employ those technologies in home automation and control areas. Butthe problem is that those technologies don't satisfy the requirements fora HAN.
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Table 1: Wireless technology comparison chartIf we take a look at the type of data that circulates within a network of sensors and actuators, we may find that most of it is small packets thatcontrol devices or obtain their status. For many applications, such aswireless smoke and CO2 detectors or wireless home security, the devicemostly stays in deep-sleep mode and only sends a short burst of information if a trigger event occurs. The main requirements for devicesin such types of networks are:extremely low power consumption1.the ability to sleep for a long time2.simplicity
Standard BandwidthPowerConsumptionProtocolStack SizeStronghold ApplicationsWi-Fi Up to54Mbps400+mA TX,standby20mA100+KB High data rate Internetbrowsing,PCnetworking,filetransfersBluetooth 1Mbps 40mA TX,standby0.2mA~100+K BInteroperability, cablereplacementWirelessUSB,handset,headsetZigBee 250kbps 30mA TX,standby3#&956;A4"32KB Long batterylife, low costRemotecontrol,battery-operatedproducts,sensors
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3.low costThese requirements are mostly fulfilled by this Zigbee technology.All thedevicesperforming using this technology has the capacity to meet therequirements of the society.What is ZigBee?ZigBee is a home-area network designed specifically to replace theproliferation of individual remote controls. ZigBee was created to satisfythe market's need for a cost-effective, standards-based wireless network that supports low data rates, low power consumption, security, andreliability. To address this need, the ZigBee Alliance, an industryworking group (www.zigbee.org), is developing standardized applicationsoftware on top of the IEEE 802.15.4 wireless standard. The alliance isworking closely with the IEEE to ensure an integrated, complete, andinteroperable network for the market. For example, the working groupwill provide interoperability certification testing of 802.15.4 systems thatinclude the ZigBee software layer.The ZigBee Alliance will also serve as the official test and certificationgroup for ZigBee devices. ZigBee is the only standards-based technologythat addresses the needs of most remote monitoring and control andsensory network applications
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