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Strength of materials

Strength of materials

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Published by Sajid Nazir
Strength of materials, mechanics of solids numericals chapter 3 from singer and pytel
Strength of materials, mechanics of solids numericals chapter 3 from singer and pytel

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Published by: Sajid Nazir on Oct 20, 2010
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07/19/2014

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Muhammad Sajid Nazir Strength Of Materials 2005-CE-38
1. A propeller shaft is to transmit 4.8 MW at 4Hz without exceeding ashearing stress of 55
×
10
6
Pa and twisting angle of 2°. Shaft length is2.5 m and G=83
×
10
9
Pa. Compute the diameter of the shaft?
Solution:
Given that,Power transmitted, P = 4.8 MW = 4.8
×
10
6
WFrequency, f = 4HzShearing stress, = ז55
×
10
6
PaTwisting Angle,
θ =
2
°Shaft Length, L = 2.5 mG =
83
×
10
9
PaWe have to find,Diameter of Shaft, d =?As we know that,T= P/2
π
T= 4.8
×
10
6
/ 2
π
(4)T= 190985.93 NmAs,
θ= TL
×
57.3
/JGJ= TL
×
57.3
/Gθ
π
d
4
/32= (190985.93
×
2.5
×
57.3) / (83
×
10
9
×
2
°)
d
4
=
(190985.93
×
2.5
×
57.3
×
32) / (83
×
10
9
×
2
°
×π
)
d
4
= 1.678
×
10
-3
d= 0.2024 mor d= 202.4 mmWe also know that,ז
max
= 16T/
π
d
3
or d
3
= 16T/
π×
ז
max
d
3
= 16
×
190985.93/
π×
55
×
10
6
d= 0.2605 mor d= 260.5 mmThe larger diameter d= 260.5 mm satisfy both strength and rigidity by bearing thestress of 55
×
10
6
Pa. whereas, smaller diameter d= 204.4 mm does not satisfythe required conditions and can not bear the stress of 55
×
10
6
Pa.
1
 
Muhammad Sajid Nazir Strength Of Materials 2005-CE-38
2. Shaft diameter is 60mm. Compute the relative angle of twist of gear A relative to gear D,G=30GPa?
Solution:
Given that,Diameter, d= 60 mmG = 30 GPaWe have to find,Angle of twist of gear A relative to gear D, θ
A/D
=?The free body diagram of above figure is shown below,Then,T
AB
= -900 NmT
BC
= 100 NmT
CD
= -700 NmAs T
AB
& T
CD
are anticlockwise and T
BC
is in clockwise direction so, we assumetheir signs, i.e. positive for clockwise and negative for anticlockwise.As,θ= TL (57.3) / JGIn our case,θ
A/D
=
TL(57.3)/JGθ
A/D
= -(TL(57.3)/JG)
AB
+(TL(57.3)/JG)
BC
-(TL(57.3)/JG)
CD
2
 
Muhammad Sajid Nazir Strength Of Materials 2005-CE-38
θ
A/D
= -(900
×
3
×
57.3
×
32
/π
d
4
×
30
×10
9
)
AB
+(100
×
4
×
57.3
×
32/
π
d
4
×
30
×10
9
)
BC
-(700
×
3
×
57.3
×
32/
π
d
4
×
30
×10
9
)
CD
θ
A/D
= -(900
×
3
×
57.3
×
32
/π
(0.06)
4
×
30
×10
9
)
AB
+(100
×
4
×
57.3
×
32/
π
(0.06)
4
×
30
×10
9
)
BC
-(700
×
3
×
57.3
×
32/
π
(0.06)
4
×3
0
×10
9
)
CD
θ
A/D
= -4.053+0.6004-3.512θ
A/D
= -6.964°Negative result indicates that the net rotation of A relative to D is Anticlockwise.
3.The steel shaft shown in figure rotates at 4Hz with 40KW taken off at A,25 KW removed at B and 65KW applied at C. Using G=83 GPa,find the maximum shearing stress and the angle of rotation of gear Arelative to gear C?
Solution:
Given that,Frequency, f =?Power at A, P
A
= 40 KW =40000 WPower at B, P
B
= 25 KW =25000 WPower at C, P
C
= 65 KW =65000 WDiameter of Steel shaft from A to B, d
AB
= 55mm = 0.055mDiameter of Steel shaft from A to B, d
BC
= 65mm = 0.065mLength of Steel shaft from A to B, L
AB
= 4mLength of Steel shaft from B to C, L
BC
= 2mG = 83 GPaWe have to find,Maximum Shearing Stress, ז
max
=?Angle of rotation of gear A relative to C, θ
A/D
=?As,T
A
= P
A
/2
π
f = 40000/2
π
(4) = 1591.55 Nm
3

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