I wish to put on record my gratitude to the Economic and SocialResearch Council and its Chairman Sir Douglas Hague and itsSecretary Mrs Suzanne Reeve, who have given support to thispurely theoretical inquiry and thus freed me from worry concerning the expenses connected with it.I would also like to put on record my very great debt to thesecretarial and research staff of the Department of Social Anthropology at Cambridge: Mrs Mary McGinley, MrsMargaret Story, Mrs Anne Farmer and Mrs Janet Hall. Withouttheir sustained help and support the book certainly would nothave been written. Valuable additional secretarial help was alsoreceived from Miss Hilary Colby.I am most grateful to people who have read drafts of the bookand made useful suggestions: Mark Raymond Bonham-Carter,Graham Fawcett, David Gellner, Julian Jacobs, Declan Quigley,Emma Tristram, Harry Willets, and Anthony Raven. Janet Halland Julian Jacobs have also been most helpful with the bibliography. Mark Green has been outstandingly helpful and patientas an editor.The number of people from whom I have borrowed intellectually is too large to be included in full, and no doubt there aremany debts of which I am not properly aware. But for years Ihave run a seminar on historical sociology at the LSE jointly with John Hall and Michael Mann, and my debt to my two colleaguesand to all those who have contributed papers or observations indiscussion is very considerable. Over the years, I have learnt a very great deal from the writings or conversation of S. Andreski,the late R. Aron, J. Baechler, D. Bell, P. Burke, P. Crone, R. Dore,S. N. Eisenstadt, Y. Elkanna, M. Elvin, C. Geertz, R. Gombrich, J. Goody, J. Hajnal, M. Hinds, K. Hopkins, R. Horton, A.Khazanov, P. Laslett, G. Lloyd, A. Macfarlane, J. Merquior, C.
JUN 8 1989