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One World, IAEA Bulletin, September 2009

One World, IAEA Bulletin, September 2009

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Published by: IAEAInformation on Oct 21, 2010
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To Kill a Pest • The Big Fix • Livestock Production in Honduras
One World
September 2009|51-1|www.iaea.org/bulletin
The International Atomic Energy Agency is the world’s centre of nuclear cooperation. Created in 1957 as the intergovernmental“atoms for peace” organization within the UN system, the IAEAcontributes to global peace, development, and security in essentialways — helping to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, andfostering safe, secure and peaceful uses of beneficial nuclear tech-nologies for human development.The IAEA mission covers three main pillars of work, with authorityrooted in its Statute:
Safeguards & Verification
, including safeguards inspec-tions under legal agreements with States to verify the exclusivelypeaceful nature of nuclear material and activities.
Safety & Security 
, including the establishment of safetystandards, codes, and guides and assistance to help Statesapply them.
Science & Technology 
, including technical and researchsupport for nuclear applications in health, agriculture, energy, envi-ronment and other fields.The work is multi-faceted and engages multiple governmentaland other partners at national, regional and international levelsin and outside the UN system. IAEA programmes and budgetsare set through decisions of its own policymaking bodies — the35-member Board of Governors and the General Conference of all Member States. Reports on IAEA activities are submitted peri-odically or as cases warrant to the UN Security Council and UNGeneral Assembly.The Agency is headquartered at the Vienna International Centrein Vienna, Austria. Operational field and liaison offices are centredin Toronto, Canada; Geneva, Switzerland; New York, USA; andTokyo, Japan. The IAEA runs or supports research centres andscientific laboratories in Vienna and Seibersdorf, Austria; Monaco;and Trieste, Italy.The IAEA Secretariat is a team of 2300 professional and supportstaff led by
Director General Mohamed ElBaradei
and sixDeputy Directors General who head the major departments:
Mr. David Waller
Mr. Olli Heinonen
Mr. Yuri Sokolov
Nuclear Energy 
Mr. Werner Burkart
Nuclear Science & Applications
Ms. Ana Maria Cetto
Technical Cooperation
Mr. Tomihiro Taniguchi
Safety & Security 
IAEA Bulletin 49-2 | March 2008 |
One WOrld
Science, it is oten said, should help us make sense o the world, giving us thetools, oten even linguistic tools, to understand reality. The ‘buttery eect’ is an example o an expression originating rom the scien-tic community that has become part o the average vocabulary. In its originalmeaning as part o Chaos Theory it was used to express the concept that smallvariations in the initial conditions o a system can bring about signicant con-sequences.Yet, with time and ever increasing popularity among non scientists, its mean-ing has been extended to include a somewhat simpler concept: that all thingsare connected.“No man is an island,” amously wrote the XVI century English poet John Donnein one o his Meditations. Men, communities, institutions and states are all con-nected together in ways that oten we can only barely athom.In an international agency such as the IAEA, the threads that connect people,communities and states are oten laid bare to see. With its 150 Member Statesand multiple partners, the IAEA osters cooperation in the nuclear eld, promot-ing sae, secure and peaceul nuclear technologies.Yet, at a time o economic and nancial upheavals, the temptation to entrenchourselves behind personal, social or national barriers can be alluring. That temptation, however, should be resisted.In a globalized world, global issues require global solutions that can only bedelivered through international cooperation, as many authors o the articles ea-tured in this issue o the IAEA Bulletin say.In the health sector, diseases originating rom animals are increasingly threat-ening the livelihood and health o millions o people worldwide. Dr. Nabarroexplains that international cooperation is crucial in the ght against these path-ogens.Similarly, Yuri Sokolov and Randy Beatty tell the story o how the IAEA’sInternational Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO)was developed as a partnership or dialogue and innovation o nuclear power. Tariq Rau and Zoryana Vovchok explain that several mechanisms are underconsideration to guarantee assurances o supply o nuclear uel to States,while Vilmos Cserveny describes the IAEA’s role in the nuclear non proliera-tion regime as the world prepares to review the Non-Prolieration o NuclearWeapons Treaty (NPT).Arican countries recently gave a notable example o cooperation by ofciallyrenouncing nuclear weapons. With the entry into orce o the Treaty o Pelindaba,all territories in the Southern Hemisphere are now ree o nuclear weapons.A review conerence o the NPT is due next year. The hope is that wisdom willprevail and that all will cooperate to make the world a saer place.We are all together in this. We are one world.— Giovanni Verlini, Editor
IAEA BULLETINis produced by theDivision o Public InormationInternational Atomic Energy AgencyP.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, AustriaPhone: (43-1) 2600-21270Fax: (43-1) 2600-29610IAEABulletin@iaea.orgwww.iaea.org/bulletinDivision o Public InormationDirector: Marc VidricaireManaging Editor: Giovanni VerliniAssistant Editor/Design: Ritu KennEditorial Interns: Sarita RamakrishnanLanguage EditionsIAEA Bulletin is also available inArabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish.IAEA BULLETIN is published twice a year and distributedwithout charge to a limited number o readers interestedin the IAEA and the peaceul uses o nuclear energy.Written requests should be addressed toIAEABulletin@iaea.org.Extracts rom the IAEA material contained in theIAEA Bulletin may be reely used elsewhere providedacknowledgement o their source is made. I theattribution indicates that the author is not an IAEAsta member, permission to republish other than orthe use o review must be sought rom the author ororiginating organization.Views expressed in any signed article appearing in theIAEA Bulletin do not necessarily represent those o theInternational Atomic Energy Agency and the IAEA acceptsno responsibility or them.Cover Photo: morgueFileIAEA Bulletin is printed in Vienna, Austria.
To Kill a Pest • The Big Fix • Livestock Production in Honduras
One World
September 2009|51-1|www.iaea.org/bulletin

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