because he dwells in the world but how he looks at the world is different from what it really is.In this given argument, freedom becomes the extension of man’s intelligence.To be free is to consider that each individual is the author of himself through the choiceshe makes.
It is manifested in the ability of man to control and determine his own plan in thefuture because he is a “being- ahead- of – itself.”
Only man prepares what is for tomorrow. Inthis case then, man is in charge of his own life and be responsible for its consequences not onlyfor himself but also to all people. Freedom without a corresponding responsibility is caprice. Wecannot separate ourselves from the relationship of other people. This is what Marcel means bysaying “to exist is to co- exist.”
Thus, what makes man truly human is his dignity that comprises the co-equalconsideration of body and the enrichment of intelligence leading toward freedom. Through
Publishers, Inc., 1962), 76. Being-in- the- world is terminology coined by Martin Heidegger to refer to the nature of human-existence or
To be in the world is to concretely find oneself that he exist and stays in the world asan area of its making.
In this case, man is free in a way that he is the source of all values that he is going to live for. Value is not just equated to something material or sensory values but those values that are not apart from the question of being,what does it mean to be, or from life. In the existentialist perspective, value is that which a person lives and dies for or it is the answer to the existential and important question: what am I living for. In this case, value is related to truthfor how can a person happen to live and to die for something that is false.
This is one of the characters of man as
according to Heidegger. It means that man is capable of planning his future which is ahead of his present time. This is only possible when man understand his own facticityor throwness into the world. He knows that he is born in a certain and specific condition and understands hisfacticity as not of his own making. By understanding, he also accepts. Through this, the world has already a meaning but
reinterprets the given meaning of world by creating a new meaning depending on his project towards thefuture. Despite of man’s throwness, he is still free to choose how is going to appropriate meaning for himself towards future possibilities.
Each existentialist has its different degree on recognizing the role of other individual but they meet at one point of realization that they do not exist alone in the world. For Marcel, to be a truly human is to value thesubjectivity of others in a community. Man is not a solitary being because he is surrounded a community wherethere are many subjects like him and is called for an active participation with others. In his essay, Manuel B. Dy, Jr.said: “For Gabriel Marcel,
esse est co-esse:
to exist ies to co-exist, to participate in the fullness of Being (God)through love, fidelity and faith.” Manuel Dy, “Existentialism and Man’s Search for Meaning” in
Philosophy of Man,
edited by Manuel Dy (Makati City: Goodwill Trading Co., Inc., 2001), 33.