GAS TURBINEGAS TURBINEDESIGN
GT 5-8 is a package power plant, as furnished for most installations, is comprised of thesingle-shaft, simple cycle, heavy duty gas turbine unit driving a generator. Fuel and air are used by the gas turbine unit to produce the shaft horsepower necessary to drive certainaccessories, compressor and the generator.The turbine unit is composed of a starting device, support systems, an axial-flowcompressor, combustion system components and a three-stage turbine. Both compressor and turbine are directly connected with an in-line, single-shaft rotor supported by three pressure lubricated bearings. The inlet end of the rotor shaft is coupled to an accessorygear having integral shafts that drive the fuel pump, lubrication pump, and other systemcomponents.
When the turbine starting system is actuated and the clutch is engaged, ambient air isdrawn through the inlet plenum assembly, filtered, then compressed in the 17 stages of axial-flow compressor. For pulsation protection during start-up, the 11
stage extractionvalves are opened and the variable inlet guide vanes are in the closed position.When the speed relay corresponding to 95 % (2850 rpm) speed actuates, the 11
stageextraction bleed valves close automatically and the variable inlet guide vane actuator energizes at 82 % speed to open the inlet guide vanes (I.G.V.) to (57°) the normal turbineoperating position. Compressed air from the compressor flows into the annular spacesurrounding the 14 combustors, from which it flows into the spaces between the outer combustion casing (sleeve) and the combustion liners. The fuel nozzles introduce the fuelinto each of the 14 combustors where it mixes with the combustion air and is ignited by both (or one, which is sufficient) of the two spark plugs.At the instant, one or both of the two spark plugs ignite their combustors, the remainingcombustors are also ignited by crossfire tubes that connect the reaction zones of thecombustors. After the rotor approaches operating speed, combustion chamber pressurecauses the spark plugs to retract to remove their electrodes from the hot flame zone.The hot gases from the combustors expand into the 14 separate transition pieces attachedto the aft end of the combustor liners and flow towards the three stage turbine section of the machine. Each stage consists of a row of fixed nozzles followed by a row of rotate-able turbine buckets. In each nozzle row, the kinetic energy of the jet is increased, with anassociated pressure drop and in each following row of moving bucket a portion of thekinetic energy of the jet is absorbed as useful work on the turbine rotor.
Prepared by: Fazal-ur-Rehman BabarGT 5-8