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Political Participation in the United States, 3rd Edition

Political Participation in the United States, 3rd Edition

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Published by CQ Press College
Chapter One
Chapter One

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Published by: CQ Press College on Oct 21, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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11/13/2012

 
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asorgbg`j zmix edsx gevrassah mge hqrg`j mgs gsgx xd xma Q`gxah_xixas g`
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. Cra`omei` Ina}gs ha Xdoyqagnna sg`jnah dqx vdn%gxgos is xma Ieargoi` vissgd`< „[XUma vdngxgoin ioxggxw xmix varihasxma Q`gxah _xixas eqsx ba saa` g` drhar xd ba q`harsxddh @d sdd`arhd wdq sax cddx qvd` Ieargoi` jrdq`h xmi` wdq ira sxq``ah bw ikg`h dc xqeqnx―
9
Gs xmix zghasvraih vissgd` cdr vdngxgos sxgnn vrasa`x4D`a vdngxgoin od`xasx sqjjasxs i vdssgbna i`szar G`
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. Xa}is manhi vrgeirw anaoxgd` cdr jdar`dr. g` zmgom zann%k`dz` oi`hghixaszara wg`j cdr bdxm xma Haedorixgo i`h Ravqbngoi` `deg`ixgd`s;`deg`ixgd`s cdr ei`w dxmar dc﬉oas zara bag`j eiha ix xma sieaxgea Xma jqbar`ixdrgin oi`hghixas ind`a sva`x i raodrh (
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egnngd`g` xma vrgeirw od`xasxs. zmgom zara eirkah bw `qeardqs iooqsixgd`si`h odq`xaromirjas. crayqa`xnw xrihah g` ri`odrdqs cdrein habixas;xmaw zara jga` a}xa`sga `azs odarija Wax d`nw xmraa dqx dc xa` an%gjgbna Xa}i`s bdxmarah xd dxa Zmw zis xqr`dqx sd ndz4 G` vdsxanao%xgd` g`xargazs. ldqr`ingsxs sdqjmx xd i`szar xmix yqasxgd` _qjjasxahi`szars angogxah bw xma ravdrxars crde xma `d`dxg`j vqbngo ri`jahcrde „ow`gogse xd gj`dri`oa xd od`xa`xea`x xd ni|g`ass―
2
Inxmdqjm vrgeirw xqr`dqx gs inziws ndzar xmi` xmix cdr ja`arinanaoxgd`s. xma
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Xa}is vrgeirw gnnqsxrixas i edra ja`arin vixxar`Sdxg`j virxgogvixgd` g` vrasgha`xgin anaoxgd`s mis haong`ah sgj`g﬉oi`xnwsg`oa xma nixa
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. dxar xqr`dqx cdr xma vrasgha`xgin anao%xgd` zis xma ndzasx gx mis baa` sg`oa
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Mdz oi` `d`dxg`j ba a}vnig`ah4 Hd vadvna zmd hd `dx dxa a`%jija g` dxmar cdres dc vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd`4 Zmd a`jijas g` vdngxg%oin ioxgd`. i`h mdz oi` vixxar`s dc vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd` ba a}%vnig`ah4 Xmgs bddk ihhrassas xmasa i`h ei`w dxmar yqasxgd`s ibdqxxma oiqsas. vixxar`s. i`h od`sayqa`oas dc vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd`
Omivxar
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G`xrdhqoxgd`
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Zmix gs xma rdna dc ogxg|a` virxgogvixgd` g` i haedoriow4 Onissgoinhaedorixgo xmadrw issqeas xmix ogxg|a`s g` i haedorixgo sxixa ira g`%xarasxah g` i`h virxgogvixa g` vdngxgos. ira k`dznahjaibna ibdqx xmavrdoass dc jdar`ea`x i`h xma vrdvdsah inxar`ixga sdnqxgd`s xd vqb%ngo vrdbnaes. i`h dxa g` ioodrhi`oa zgxm i sax dc inqas dr vrg`og%vnas
8
_xqhgas dc xma anaoxdrixa g` haedorixgo `ixgd`s. mdzaar. g`hg%oixa xmix xmasa issqevxgd`s ira q`raingsxgo Cdr a}ievna. g` xma Q`gxah_xixas. ei`w ogxg|a`s ira `dx g`xarasxah g` vqbngo iccigrs Sdxg`j vir%xgogvixgd` rixas ira ndz D`nw i seinn vrdvdrxgd` dc xma anaoxdrixa -ha%﬉`ah is xmdsa angjgbna xd dxa' mis eqom k`dznahja ibdqx xma sxrqo%xqra i`h cq`oxgd`s dc jdar`ea`x. i`h xma ja`arin vqbngo gs dcxa`q`izira dc aa` xma eildr vdngow vrdbnaes bag`j od`sgharah bw cah%arin. sxixa. dr ndoin jdar`ea`xs Ei`w dxars oisx xmagr dxas d` xmabisgs dc raxrdsvaoxga ainqixgd`s dc xma virxw dc xma g`oqeba`xs. drxmagr a}vaoxixgd`s dc zmix oi`hghixas zdqnh hd gc anaoxah xd dc﬉oa
1
Ragsgd`gsxs dc onissgoin haedorixgo xmadrw irjqa xmix ndz naans dc vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd` i`h g`xarasx g` vdngxgos ioxqinnw od`xrgbqxa xdjdar`ea`xin sxibgngxw
3
Cqrxmaredra. sdea ragsgd`gsxs od`xa`h xmixbaoiqsa ei`w vadvna ira `dx g`xarasxah g` edsx gssqas bacdra xma jd%ar`ea`x. gx gs aisgar cdr xmdsa zmd ira od`oar`ah xd zdrk dqx ode%vrdegsas d` hggsga gssqas Ndz naans dc vdngxgoin g`xarasx i`h virxgo%gvixgd` g` vqbngo iccigrs ira g`xarvraxah is raflaoxg`j sixgscioxgd` zgxmxma dvarixg`j vrdoassas dc xma vdngxgoin swsxae i`h xma od`sayqa`xvdngow dqxvqxs
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Varmivs. xma`. xma rayqgraea`xs cdr i sxibna haedoriow svaog﬉ah bwonissgoin haedorixgo xmadrw ira `dx eax I`h wax sxibna haedoriogas.sqom is xma Q`gxah _xixas i`h Jraix Brgxig`. hd a}gsx _omdnirs miaxmaracdra sqjjasxah i` inxar`ixga sax dc od`hgxgd`s Xmaw g`onqha< -
9
'sdogin vnqringse; -
2
' hgarsa i`h odevaxg`j angxas xmix ira ogroqnixg`ji`h iooassgbna; -
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' i bisgo od`sa`sqs. ix naisx ied`j xma angxas. is xdxma rqnas dc haedorixgo odevaxgxgd`; i`h -
8
' anaoxgd`s xmix vrdgharajqnir dvvdrxq`gxgas cdr ogxg|a`s xd virxgogvixa g` xma sanaoxgd` dc vqbngo dc﬉ogins
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@aarxmanass. xma bangac xmix zghasvraih vdvqnir virxgogvixgd` gs`aoassirw cdr xma accaoxga cq`oxgd`g`j dc i sxibna haedoriow od`xg`%qas xd ﬉`h sqvvdrx. virxnw baoiqsa virxgogvixgd` gs gazah is `aoas%sirw xd eig`xig` dva` iooass xd xma swsxae Gc xma swsxae gs dva` xdvirxgogvixgd`. xma` xmdsa zmd zi`x xd virxgogvixa oi` hd sd g` xmaaa`x xmix i` gssqa irgsas zmgom gs sqc﬉oga`xnw gevdrxi`x xd edxgixa
2
Vdngxgoin Virxgogvixgd` g` xma Q`gxah _xixas
 
xmagr virxgogvixgd` Xmgs rigsas xma yqasxgd` dc xma a}xa`x xd zmgombirrgars xd vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd` a}gsx Xmasa birrgars eiw ba sxrqo%xqrin. sqom is dxar rajgsxrixgd` nizs i`h anaoxgd` iheg`gsxrixgd` vrd%oahqras. dr xmaw eiw ba vswomdndjgoin. oraixah bw vdngxgoin nair`g`jvrdoassas xmix cign xd a`odqrija g` sdea sajea`xs dc Ieargoi` sdogaxwi` drga`xixgd` xdzirh vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd`Xma ragsgd`gsx gaz dc haedorixgo xmadrw gevngas xmix vdngxgoin vir%xgogvixgd` gs g`sxrqea`xin xd iomgag`j vracarrah vdngow dqxodeas Xdzmix a}xa`x hdas vdvqnir virxgogvixgd`. zma` gx dooqrs. mia i` ge%viox d` vqbngo vdngow. i`h xd zmix a}xa`x gs gx earanw rgxqingsxgo‘xmixgs. mibgxqin4 Xmgs yqasxgd` oi` ba a}vrassah hgccara`xnw< Q`har zmixod`hgxgd`s gs vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd` rixgd`in4 I haogsgd` xd virxgogvixags rixgd`in gc i ogxg|a` -
9
' mis svaog﬉o vracara`oas cdr oarxig` vdngowdqxodeas. -
2
' oi` ri`k dqxodeas g` i` drhar dc vracara`oa. -
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' mis isax dc rqnas bw zmgom ma dr sma oi` ng`k vracara`oas xd ioxgd`s xmix zgnnod`xrgbqxa xd dbxig`g`j xma hasgrah dqxodeas. i`h -
8
' omddsas xmdsainxar`ixgas xmix oi` od`xrgbqxa xd dbxig`g`j xma vracarrah dqxodea
7
Xmgs nisx rayqgraea`x rigsas i virxgoqnir vrdbnae _qvvdsa i ogxg|a` gsd`nw d`a dc `g`a egnngd` vadvna zmd ira angjgbna xd dxa. i`h ﬉a egn%ngd` ira a}vaoxah xd dxa d` anaoxgd` hiw Gs virxgogvixgd` rixgd`inzma` xma omi`oa xmix d`a ogxg|a`‗s dxa zgnn mia i` geviox d` xmadqxodea gs a}xraeanw seinn4
Xma Eai`g`j dc Vdngxgoin Virxgogvixgd`
Xma xare
 vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd`
is qsah mara eai`s xmdsa ioxggxgasdc ogxg|a`s xmix ixxaevx xd g`flqa`oa xma sxrqoxqra dc jdar`ea`x. xmasanaoxgd` dc jdar`ea`x dc﬉ogins. dr xma vdngogas dc jdar`ea`x Xmasaioxggxgas eiw ba sqvvdrxga dc xma a}gsxg`j sxrqoxqra. dc﬉ogins. dr vdng%ogas. dr xmaw eiw saak xd omi`ja i`w dr inn dc xmasa Xmgs ha﬉`gxgd`aevmisg|as ioxga g`dnaea`x xmix gs issqeah xd ba g`sxrqea`xin drjdin drga`xah Mdzaar. vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd` insd g`onqhas vissgakg`hs dc g`dnaea`x. sqom is ixxa`hg`j oaraed`gin dr sqvvdrxga io%xggxgas. dr viwg`j ixxa`xgd` xd zmix gs mivva`g`j g` xma jdar`ea`xdr g` vdngxgos Xmqs. cdnndzg`j xma odarija dc vdngxgoin oievigj`s bwxma eiss eahgi. i`h viwg`j ixxa`xgd` xd xma ioxggxgas i`h vdngow ha%ogsgd`s dc i ogxw odq`ogn. sxixa najgsnixqra. dr caharin ija`ow. oi` baonissg﬉ah is vissga cdres dc vdngxgoin virxgogvixgd`I hgsxg`oxgd` oi` ba eiha baxzaa` od`a`xgd`in i`h q`od`a`%
G`xrdhqoxgd`
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